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Table 2 Descriptive characteristics of herds (n = 16,626) and percentage tested positive for F. hepatica infection, as determined at meat inspection (years 2011–2013) in Danish abattoirs

From: Prevalence, risk factors and spatial analysis of liver fluke infections in Danish cattle herds

   Farm-type Production-type
Variable Category Organic Conventional Dairy Non-dairy 1
   n (% infected) n (% infected) n (% infected) n (% infected)
Trade No 215 (34.9) 5,321 (27.7) 331 (47.1) 5,205 (26.7)
Yes 652 (59.7) 10,438 (46.9) 3,971 (58.9) 7,119 (41.4)
Pastures Absent 810 (52.6) 14,832 (39.5) 4,012 (57.1) 11,630 (34.4)
Present 57 (66.7) 927 (54.6) 290 (69.7) 694 (49.3)
Wetlands Absent 504 (51.6) 9,555 (37.7) 2,696 (55.2) 7,363 (32.2)
Present 363 (56.2) 6,204 (44.7) 1,606 (62.7) 4,961 (39.7)
Streams Absent 580 (51.7) 11,277 (39.0) 3,030 (56.9) 8,827 (33.7)
Present 287 (57.1) 4,482 (44.1) 1,272 (60.5) 3,497 (39.2)
Dry-land Absent 323 (53.6) 5,741 (38.6) 1,701 (57.9) 4,363 (32.3)
Present 544 (53.5) 10,018 (41.5) 2,601 (58.1) 7,961 (36.9)
Crop-land Absent 4 (50.0) 40 (35.0) 1 (100.0) 43 (34.9)
Present 863 (53.5) 15,719 (40.4) 4,301 (58.00) 12,281 (35.2)
  1. 1Includes large and small beef herds, heifer raising herds, large and small veal production herds.