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Table 1 Multiple regression analysis of the association between different individual parameters and porcine cysticercosis infectiona in pigs (local breed only) in the central, northern and western climatic regions of Madagascar (n = 39,443)

From: Spatio-temporal prevalence of porcine cysticercosis in Madagascar based on meat inspection

Variable Level Infected (n = 2871) Not infected (n = 36,572) Adjusted odds ratio (95 % CI)c p-value
   n (%)b n (%)b   
Season Fall 399 (6.3 %) 5940 (93.7 %) 0.64 (0.56-0.75) <10-3
  Winter 781 (6.4 %) 11,354 (93.6 %) 0.70 (0.62-0.79) <10-3
  Spring 321 (7.1 %) 4181 (92.9 %) 0.76 (0.65-0.89) <10-3
  Summer 1370 (8.3 %) 15,097 (91.7 %) Reference  
Abattoir Abattoir2 248 (7.9 %) 3334 (92.1 %) 1.48 (1.20-1.83) <10-3
  Abattoir1 2623 (7.3 %) 33,238 (92.7 %) Reference  
Region West 179 (7.6 %) 2182 (92.4 %) 1.13 (0.91-1.4) N.S
  North 983 (9.4 %) 9439 (90.6 %) 1.46 (1.29-1.66) <10-3
  Central 1709 (6.4 %) 24,951 (93.6 %) Reference  
  1. aDetermined using veterinary visual inspection at the slaughterhouse
  2. b(%) refers to row percentages
  3. c CI Confidence interval