Dogs
   
D
_{1jz
}

Density of dogs of age group j in area z

Data

[20]

P
_{1jz
}

Prevalence of Toxocara patent infection in dogs of age group j in area z

= p
_{1jz
} × c
_{1jz
}

See below

p
_{1jz
}

Coprological prevalence of Toxocara egg shedding dogs of age group j in area z

~Beta (a
_{1jz
} + 1, b
_{1jz
} + 1), where: a
_{1,1,1} = 2, b
_{1,1,1} = 47; a
_{1,2,1} = 5, b
_{1,2,1} = 129; a
_{1,1,2} = 10, b
_{1,1,2} = 122; a
_{1,2,2} = 12, b
_{1,2,2} = 389; a
_{1,1,3} = 6, b
_{1,1,3} = 43; a
_{1,2,3} = 7, b
_{1,2,3} = 137

[9]

c
_{1jz
}

Proportion of dogs of age group j in area z that do not display a coprophagic behaviour

~Beta (a
_{1jz
} + 1, b
_{1jz
} + 1), where: a
_{1,1,1} = 26, b
_{1,1,1} = 22; a
_{1,2,1} = 80, b
_{1,2,1} = 54; a
_{1,1,2} = 56, b
_{1,1,2} = 75; a
_{1,2,2} = 226, b
_{1,2,2} = 175; a
_{1,1,3} = 29, b
_{1,1,3} = 18; a
_{1,2,3} = 89, b
_{1,2,3} = 55

[9]

F
_{1jz
}

Average faecal output of a dog of age group j released daily into the environment of area z

= f
_{1} × s
_{1jz
}

See below

f
_{1}

Average faecal output of a dog

~Pert (21, 254, 1074)

[22–33]

s
_{1jz
}

Proportion of dog owners that do not comply to dog waste cleanup policies for dogs of age group j in area z

~Beta (a
_{1jz
} + 1, b
_{1jz
} + 1), where: a
_{1,1,1} = 20, b
_{1,1,1} = 28; a
_{1,2,1} = 80, b
_{1,2,1} = 54; a
_{1,1,2} = 87, b
_{1,1,2} = 44; a
_{1,2,2} = 277, b
_{1,2,2} = 154; a
_{1,1,3} = 27, b
_{1,1,3} = 20; a
_{1,2,3} = 106, b
_{1,2,3} = 37

[9]

I
_{1j
}

Infection intensity (EPG) for dogs of age group j

I
_{1,1} ~ Poisson (341.2); I
_{1,2} ~ Poisson (163.7)

[34]

Household cats
   
D
_{2jz
}

Density of household cats of age group j in area z

Data

[20]

P
_{2jz
}

Prevalence of Toxocara patent infection in household cats of age group j in area z

~Beta (a
_{2jz
} + 1, b
_{2jz
} + 1), where: a
_{2,1,1} = 0, b
_{2,1,1} = 2; a
_{2,2,1} = 0, b
_{2,2,1} = 18; a
_{2,1,2} = 2, b
_{2,1,2} = 15; a
_{2,2,2} = 8, b
_{2,2,2} = 52; a
_{2,1,3} = 2, b
_{2,1,3} = 1; a
_{2,2,3} = 5, b
_{2,2,3} = 12

[Nijsse, unpublished data]

F
_{2jz
}

Average faecal output of a household cat of age group j released daily into the environment of area z

= f
_{2} × o
_{2jz
}

See below

f
_{2}

Average faecal output of a household cat

~Pert (10.2, 19.4, 52.4)

[35–39]

o
_{2jz
}

Proportion of household cats of group j in area z with outdoor access

~Beta (a
_{2jz
} + 1, b
_{2jz
} + 1), where: a
_{2,1,1} = 1, b
_{2,1,1} = 1; a
_{2,2,1} = 5, b
_{2,2,1} = 13; a
_{2,1,2} = 3, b
_{2,1,2} = 13; a
_{2,2,2} = 45, b
_{2,2,2} = 13; a
_{2,1,3} = 2, b
_{2,1,3} = 1; a
_{2,2,3} = 14, b
_{2,2,3} = 3

[Nijsse, unpublished data]

I
_{2j
}

Infection intensity (EPG) for household cats of age group j

I
_{2,1} ~ Poisson (372.8); I
_{2,2} ~ Poisson (81.7)

[40]

Stray cats
   
D
_{3jz
}

Density of stray cats of age group j in area z

~Pert (135,000,667,500,1,200,000) × D
_{2jz
} /(∑_{
j
} ∑_{
i
}
D
_{2jz
})

Personal communication: preliminary estimate of feral cat project WUR Wageningen

P
_{3j
}

Prevalence of Toxocara patent infection in stray cats of age group j

~Beta (a
_{3jz
} + 1, b
_{3jz
} + 1), where: a
_{3,1,1} = 16, b
_{3,1,1} = 12; a
_{3,2,1} = 17, b
_{3,2,1} = 8; a
_{3,1,2} = 16, b
_{3,1,2} = 12; a
_{3,2,2} = 17, b
_{3,2,2} = 8; a
_{3,1,3} = 16, b
_{3,1,3} = 12; a
_{3,2,3} = 17, b
_{3,2,3} = 8

[11]

F
_{3}

Average faecal output of a stray cat

~Pert (10.2, 19.4, 52.4)

[35–39]

I
_{3j
}

Infection intensity (EPG) for stray cats of age group j

I
_{3,1} ~ Poisson (372.8); I
_{3,2} ~ Poisson (81.7)

[40]

Foxes
   
D
_{4jz
}

Density of foxes of age group j in area z

~Pert (0.5, 2.25, 4) × d
_{4jz
}/(∑_{
j
}∑_{
i
}
d
_{4jz
})

[41]

d
_{4jz
}

Total number of foxes of age group j shot in area z

Data

[41]

P
_{4jz
}

Prevalence of Toxocara patent infection in foxes of age group j in area z

~Beta (a
_{4jz
} + 1, b
_{4jz
} + 1), where: a
_{4,1,1} = 1, b
_{4,1,1} = 1; a
_{4,2,1} = 1, b
_{4,2,1} = 1; a
_{4,1,2} = 18, b
_{4,1,2} = 28; a
_{4,2,2} = 9, b
_{4,2,2} = 12; a
_{4,1,3} = 57, b
_{4,1,3} = 74; a
_{4,2,3} = 19, b
_{4,2,3} = 39

[41]

F
_{4}

Average faecal output of a fox

Log(F
_{4}) ~ Normal (95, 18)

[42]

I
_{4j
}

Infection intensity (EPG) for foxes of age group j

I
_{4,1} ~ Poisson (157); I
_{4,2} ~ Poisson (366)

[12]
