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Table 1 Mean percentage male adult emergence for An. arabiensis pupae irradiated at different doses and mean survival time of resultant adults reared under standard insectary conditions. Separation refers to pupal separation by gender

From: Mating competitiveness of sterile genetic sexing strain males (GAMA) under laboratory and semi-field conditions: Steps towards the use of the Sterile Insect Technique to control the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis in South Africa

Treatment Emergence Adult survivorship
  Total no. pupae induced to emerge Mean % emergence ± SD (95 % CI) Total no. adult males monitored Mean survival time ± SE (95 % CI)
Non-separation control 447 96.8 ± 2.6 (94.1 - 99.6)a 132 13.5 ± 0.79 (11.9 - 15.0)a
Separation control 448 78.7 ± 6.9 (71.6 - 86.2)b 117 12.7 ± 0.76 (11.6 - 13.3)a
70Gy 447 80.7 ± 7.1 (73.2 - 88.1)b 142 12.6 ± 0.71 (11.2 - 14.9)a
75Gy 452 82.6 ± 4.7 (77.6 - 87.6)b 138 13.4 ± 0.63 (13.1 - 14.7)a
80Gy 449 83.4 ± 5.4 (77.7 - 89.1)b 136 10.2 ± 0.67 (9.0 - 11.5)b
100Gy 453 83.4 ± 5.4 (77.8 - 89.0)b 136 10.3 ± 0.29 (9.0 - 11.6)b
  1. Within columns, values followed by different lower case letters are statistically different (P < 0.05; one way ANOVA)