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Table 2 Environmental parameters tested using PERMANOVA based on distance matrices (adonis(): ‘vegan’ package, Oksanen et al. [39])

From: Ecological characterization and molecular differentiation of Culex pipiens complex taxa and Culex torrentium in eastern Austria

Ecological parameter Df SumsOfSqs MeanSqs F.Model R2 Pr(>F)
Humidity 1 0.2248 0.22478 41.529 0.06851 0.066
Precipitation duration 1 0.3366 0.33657 62.182 0.10258 0.023*
Amount of precipitation 1 0.1949 0.19489 36.007 0.05940 0.078
Air temperature 1 0.5645 0.56455 104.302 0.17207 0.007**
Sunlight duration 1 0.4238 0.42382 78.301 0.12917 0.009**
Deciduous forest cover 1 0.1795 0.17945 33.154 0.05469 0.094
Green urban areas 1 0.1080 0.10797 19.949 0.03291 0.187
Danube water level 1 0.0325 0.03252 0.6008 0.00991 0.576
Humidity:Danube water level 1 0.0839 0.08393 15.506 0.02558 0.268
Precipitation duration:Danube waterlevel 1 0.0662 0.06617 12.225 0.02017 0.318
Amount of precipitation:Danube water level 1 0.4038 0.40379 74.601 0.12307 0.020*
Air temperature:Danube water levl 1 0.1570 0.15703 29.011 0.04786 0.102
Sunshine duration:Danube water level 1 0.1186 0.11865 21.920 0.03616 0.156
Deciduous forest cover:Danube water level 1 0.1394 0.13938 25.751 0.04248 0.135
Green urban areas:Danube water level 1 0.0310 0.03097 0.5722 0.00944 0.588
Residuals 4 0.2165 0.05413   0.06599  
Total 19 32.810    100.000  
  1. Asterisks indicate significant effects of certain environmental parameters (*, P ≤ 0.05; **, P ≤ 0.01)