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Table 3 Diagnostic doses and diagnostic times for pyrethroid and DDT insecticides at time-to-knockdown and after 24-hours

From: Diagnostic doses and times for Phlebotomus papatasi and Lutzomyia longipalpis sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) using the CDC bottle bioassay to assess insecticide resistance

Insecticide (Insecticide classa) Species Diagnostic dose and diagnostic time (for time-to-knockdown) Diagnostic dose after 24 hours for mortality
Cypermethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 20.0 μg/ml (40 min) 20.0 μg/ml
10.0 μg/ml (60 min)
P. papatasi 95.0 μg/ml (45 min) 60.0 μg/ml
65.0 μg/ml (60 min)
Deltamethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 45.0 μg/ml (35 min) 30.0 μg/ml
15.0 μg/ml (40 min)
5.0 μg/ml (60 min)
P. papatasi 45.0 μg/ml (35 min) 25.0 μg/ml
25.0 μg/ml (40 min)
15.0 μg/ml (45 min)
5.0 μg/ml (60 min)
λ-Cyhalothrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 4.0 μg/ml (40 min) 1.0 μg/ml
3.0 μg/ml (45 mins.)
1.0 μg/ml (60 min)
P. papatasi 4.0 μg/ml (40 min) 6.0 μg/ml
2.0 μg/ml (60 min)
Permethrin (PYR) Lu. longipalpis 15.0 μg/ml (30 min) 15.0 μg/ml
P. papatasi 60.0 μg/ml (40 min) 55.0 μg/ml
50.0 μg/ml (60 min)
DDT (OC) Lu. longipalpis 7.5 μg/ml (30 min) 650.0 μg/ml
P. papatasi 7.5 μg/ml (30 min) 470.0 μg/ml
  1. aPYR, pyrethroid; OC, organochlorine