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Table 4 Tukey HSD post-hoc analysis of Anopheles larval mean mortalities 48 h post-exposure to piperine

From: The larvicidal effects of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and piperine against insecticide resistant and susceptible strains of Anopheles malaria vector mosquitoes

  Strain Mean mortality Standard deviation
1 KGB 51.837**,8–9* 39.23
2 SENN 46.587*** 39.33
3 SENN-DDT 26.057*** 23.61
4 GAH 35.297*** 29.44
5 TONGS 55.437*,8–9** 33.49
6 SUA 47.897**,8–9* 34.65
7 SANGWE 91.751,6**,2–4,8–9***,5* 14.11
8 FANG 15.091,6*,5**,7*** 6.91
9 FUMOZ-R 14.461,6*,5**,7*** 7.96
  1. A one-way ANOVA (P < 0.01; F = 10.83 at df  = 134), supplemented with a Tukey HSD post-hoc test, was used to determine significant differences in the overall mean mortalities induced between Anopheles strains indicated by superscript numbering at 95, 99 and 99.9 % confidence
  2. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001