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Table 2 Distribution of Cryptosporidium infection in relation to risk factors in the study population in Hawassa University Hospital, southern Ethiopia, 2013–2014

From: Cryptosporidium and other intestinal parasitic infections among HIV patients in southern Ethiopia: significance of improved HIV-related care

Characteristics Number (%) tested Number (%) positive for Cryptosporidium χ 2 P-value
Water source
 Pipe 471 (95.9) 64 (13.6) 1.31 0.52
 Well 17 (3.5) 1 (5.9)   
 Lake 3 (0.6) 0 (0.0)   
Animal contact
 Yes 126 (25.7) 19 (15.1) 0.5 0.48
 No 365 (74.3) 46 (12.6)   
ART status     
 ART naïve 217 (44.2) 33 (15.2) 1.31 0.25
 On ART 274 (55.8) 32 (11.7)   
Age group (years)
 15 – 19 19 (3.9) 3 (15.8) 0.84 0.93
 20 – 29 165 (33.6) 19 (11.5)   
 30 – 39 186 (37.8) 26 (14.0)   
 40 – 49 88 (17.9) 13 (14.8)   
 ≥ 50 33 (6.7) 4 (12.1)