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Table 1 Prevalence of Babesia spp. in questing Ixodes ricinus per site in 2011–2013

From: Babesia spp. in ticks and wildlife in different habitat types of Slovakia

   2011 2012 2013 Fisher’s Total
Site   % (pos/ex) 95 % CI % (pos/ex) 95 % CI % (pos/ex) 95 % CI exact test P % (pos/ex) 95 % CI
Bratislava Nymphs 0.9 (8/883) 0.3–1.6 4.1 (8/195) 1.5–7.2 1.3 (6/455) 0.4–2.6 0.007 1.4 (22/1533) 0.8–2.0
  Females 0.3 (1/367) 0–0.8 0 (0/61) 0 (0/156) 1.000 0.2 (1/584) 0–0.5
  Males 0.9 (4/437) 0.2–1.8 1.5 (1/68) 0–4.4 2.8 (5/177) 0.6–5.6 0.189 1.5 (10/682) 0.7–2.5
  Adults total 0.6 (5/804) 0.1–1.2 0.8 (1/129) 0–2.3 1.5 (5/333) 0.3–3.0 0.316 0.9 (11/1266) 0.4–1.3
  Total 0.8 (13/1687) 0.4–1.2 2.8 (9/324) 0.9–4.6 1.4 (11/788) 0.6–2.3 0.010 1.2 (33/2799) 0.8–1.6
Fúgelka Nymphs 2.2 (23/1067) 1.3–3.1 3.4 (10/295) 1.4–5.4 1.5 (4/263) 0.4–3.0 0.319 2.3 (37/1625) 1.6–3.0
  Females 3.3 (5/150) 0.7–6.7 0 (0/59) 0 (0/76) 0.128 1.8 (5/285) 0.4–3.5
  Males 0.6 (1/164) 0–2.4 0 (0/82) 2.0 (2/102) 0–4.9 0.450 0.9 (3/348) 0–2.0
  Adults total 1.9 (6/314) 0.6–3.5 0 (0/141) 1.1 (2/178) 0–2.8 0.294 1.3 (8/633) 0.5–2.2
  Total 2.1 (29/1381) 1.4–2.9 2.3 (10/436) 0.9–3.7 1.4 (6/441) 0.5–2.5 0.554 2.0 (45/2258) 1.4–2.6
Total   1.4 (42/3068) 0.9–1.8 2.5 (19/760) 1.4–3.7 1.4 (17/1229) 0.7–2.0 0.086 1.5 (78/5057) 1.2–1.9
  1. (pos/ex), number of positive/number of examined; 95 % CI, confidence interval