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Table 2 Prevalence of Ixodes ricinus female samples from Sénart Forest (France) that harbour DNA of selected micro-organisms from spring 2008 to spring 2014

From: Environmental factors influencing tick densities over seven years in a French suburban forest

Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 20
Number of ticks tested 69a 73 28 4 50 14 21
I. ricinus 16S rRNA detection rate (%) 100 87 37 36 70 100 100
A. phagocytophilum 1 (1.5 %) 6 (8.2 %) 1 (3.6 %) 1 (25 %) 8 (16 %) 0 0
Anaplasma spp. b 11 (16 %) 0 0 0 0 0 0
M. mitochondrii 51 (74 %) 1 (1.3 %) 0 0 0 0 0
Rickettsia spp. 5 (7.3 %) 1 (1.4 %) 0 0 0 0 0
Babesia-Theileria spp. 1 (1.5 %) 2 (2.7 %) 1 (3.6 %) 0 1 (2 %) 0 0
Francisella tularensis 1 (1.5 %) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) 20 (29 %) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Borrelia miyamotoi 2 (3 %) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bartonella spp. 0 0 0 0 4 (8 %) 0 0
  1. Detection was performed on questing females in 2008 and on post-laying female carcasses from 2009 to 2014
  2. aResults from Reis et al. [22]
  3. bSequences obtained were all relative to uncultured Anaplasma spp. identified in ticks