Host turnover rates:
  
Child

μ
_{
C
} = τ + δ
_{
C
} (maturation + mortality)

0.05 + 0.003/year

Adult

μ
_{
A
} (mortality)

0.02 – 0.03/year

Demographic sources:
  
Child

S
^{C} = {b
_{
c
}, 0, 0, …}; per capita birth rate

b
_{
C
} = 0.032/year [37]

Adult

S
^{A} = τ{h
^{C}_{0}
, h
^{C}_{1}
, …}
 
Mean daily urine release [34]:
  
Child
 
U
_{
C
} = 1100 ml

Adult
 
U
_{
A
} = 1300 ml

Worm turnover rate:
  
Worm mortality

γ

0.2/year [50]

Snail parameters:
  
Snail mortality

v
_{
S
}

2.6/ year

Recovery/conversion rate

r

\( \frac{1}{4} \) weeks

Patency conversion fraction

c

0.05–0.20

Rate of sporocyst establishment

Λ_{0}

\( \frac{1}{2} \) weeks
