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Table 1 Tick cell lines used in the study

From: Identification of a novel β-adrenergic octopamine receptor-like gene (βAOR-like) and increased ATP-binding cassette B10 (ABCB10) expression in a Rhipicephalus microplus cell line derived from acaricide-resistant ticks

Species Cell line Passage level tested Instar of origin Year initiated Geographical origin (strain) Reference Acaricide resistance status of parent ticks if known
Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus BmVIII-SCC 41 Embryo 1979 Mexico [32] Susceptible
BME/CTVM2 140 Embryo 1983 Costa Rica (Paquera) [33] Susceptible
BME/CTVM5 67; 8 Embryo 1983 Colombia (Paso Ancho) [20] Resistant to organophosphates, organochlorines, Amitraz
BME/CTVM6 211/233; 32; 221; 243 Embryo 1983 Colombia (Paso Ancho) [33] Resistant to organophosphates, organochlorines, Amitraz
BME/CTVM23 54 Embryo 2005 Mozambique (Mozambique) [34] Not known
BME/CTVM30 17 Embryo 2005 Mozambique (Mozambique) [34, 35] Not known
Rhipicephalus appendiculatus RAN/CTVM3 66 Developing adult 1978 Kenya (Muguga) [36] Not known
RA243 344 Developing adult 1971 East Africa [37] Not known
Rhipicephalus evertsi REN/CTVM32 16 Developing adult 2010 South Africa [23] Not known
Rhipicephalus sanguineus RML-RSE 83 Embryo 1980s United States of America [38, 39] Not known
RSE/PILS35 4 Embryo 2012 France This study Not known
Amblyomma variegatum AVL/CTVM13 127 Developing nymph 1989 Southern Africa [40] Not known
Hyalomma anatolicum HAE/CTVM9 195 Embryo 1986 India (Ludhiana) [41] Not known
Ixodes ricinus IRE/CTVM19 222 Embryo 1999 United Kingdom [20] Not known
  1. All cell lines were grown in culture media and at incubation temperatures as described by Bell-Sakyi et al. [23] except RSE/PILS35, which was established in L-15 medium at 28 °C from eggs laid by a single incompletely-engorged female R. sanguineus tick kindly provided by Dr Cristina Socolovschi and Dr Oleg Mediannikov, URMITE, Marseille, France