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Table 5 Minimum Infection Rate (MIR)a in parous females of Culicoides vectors from Bari Sardo

From: Role of different Culicoides vectors (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in bluetongue virus transmission and overwintering in Sardinia (Italy)

Species Infection Rate Lower Limit Upper Limit No. ofpools No. ofpositive pools No. ofindividuals
C. imicola 0.023 0.012 0.040 52 11 520
C. scoticus 0.058 0.031 0.101 24 11 240
C. newsteadi species A 0.041 0.025 0.066 46 16 460
C. newsteadi species B 0.032 0.016 0.058 32 9 320
  1. aMIR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČnumber of positive pools/total specimens tested, assuming only one infected individual midge per positive pool [51]