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Table 6 Pooled prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in intermediate hosts

From: The geographical distribution and prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis in animals in the European Union and adjacent countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Species (or group of species) No. of studies included Pooled prevalence (%) 95 % CI (%) Time range of studies (years) Location of the studies (Reference)
Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus) 57 4.2 3.0–5.6 1974–2010 Belgium [51, 232], Germany [113, 121, 136, 231, 235237, 240, 241], France [233, 234], The Netherlands [239], Luxembourg [238]
Nutria (Myocastor coypus) 2 1.04 0.41–1.96 2002–2010 Germany [231], France [233]
Arvicolids (Arvicola spp., Myodes glareolus, Microtus spp.) 91 6.0 4.0–8.2 1979–2013 Belgium [51], Germany [121, 141, 250], Switzerland [187, 189-191, 223, 224, 252254], France [93, 95, 101, 242249, 255257], Czech Republic [79], Poland [251], Romania [262], Finland [24, 32], Norway [30, 39, 207, 209]
Murids (Mus musculus, Rattus rattus, Rattus norvegicus, Apodemus spp., Micromys minutus) 23 1.1 0.2–2.8 1979–2009 Belgium [51], Germany [250], Switzerland [224, 229, 253], France [95, 101, 242, 246, 256], Czech Republic [79], Poland [168, 169, 251]
Swine (Sus scrofa f. domesticus) and wild boar (Sus scrofa) 14 0.001 0–0.006 1989–2009 Romania [73], Germany [259], Lithuania [220], Sweden [32], Finland [32], Norway [32], Switzerland [258]
Insectivores (Sorex spp., Talpa europaea, Neomys fodiens) 10 0 0 1997–2006 Belgium [51], France [101], Czech Republic [79], Poland [251]