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Table 1 Relative expression by qRT-PCR of four genes from mosquitoes not exposed to insecticides, those that are permethrin-resistant and DDT-resistant, compared with the susceptible strain FANG, in two An. funestus (s.s.) populations from Obuasi and Adawukwa, Ghana

From: Multiple insecticide resistance in the major malaria vector Anopheles funestus in southern Ghana: implications for malaria control

Locality Non-exposed mosquitoes Permethrin-resistant mosquitoes DDT-resistant mosquitoes
Obuasi
CYP6P9a 8.97 ± 3.71 13.85 ± 0.37 13.91 ± 2.25
CYP6P9b 4.13 ± 1.22 8.52 ± 0.18 7.72 ± 1.76
CYP6M7 7.84 ± 1.05 5.62 ± 0.65 6.40 ± 0.88
GSTe2 16.43 ± 9.93 13.59 ± 2.53 19.47 ± 4.42
Adawukwa
CYP6P9a 5.64 ± 1.91 7.57 ± 1.12 8.73 ± 0.94
CYP6P9b 2.57 ± 0.76 3.24 ± 0.69 3.81 ± 0.38
CYP6M7 5.31 ± 1.07 4.05 ± 1.69 4.63 ± 1.64
GSTe2 6.04 ± 2.46 3.42 ± 0.67 4.20 ± 1.22