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Table 2 Intestinal parasitic infections among schoolchildren in two regions of Burkina Faso in February 2015

From: Prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections and associated risk factors among schoolchildren in the Plateau Central and Centre-Ouest regions of Burkina Faso

Parasite Prevalence [n (%)] Sexa Age groupb Regionc
  F M 8–11 12–14 PCd COd
Trematodes
Schistosoma haematobium 15 (3.9) 7 (3.7) 8 (4.1) 8 (3.2) 7 (5.2) 8 (4.0) 7 (3.7)
Schistosoma mansoni 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5)
 Total Schistosoma spp. 16 (4.2) 7 (3.7) 9 (4.6) 8 (3.2) 8 (6.0) 8 (4.0) 8 (4.3)
Nematodes
 Hookworm 3 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 3 (1.5) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.5) 2 (1.1)
Cestodes
Hymenolepis nana 25 (6.5) 11 (5.9) 14 (7.1) 13 (5.2) 12 (9.0) 5 (2.5) 20 (10.7)
 Total faecal-oral transmitted helminthse 27 (7.0) 11 (5.9) 16 (8.1) 15 (6.0) 12 (9.0) 6 (3.0) 21 (11.2)
Intestinal protozoa
Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar 256 (66.5) 131 (69.7) 125 (63.5) 163 (64.9) 93 (69.4) 110 (55.6) 146 (78.1)
Entamoeba coli 144 (37.4) 67 (35.6) 77 (39.1) 93 (37.1) 51 (38.1) 65 (32.8) 79 (42.3)
Giardia intestinalis 108 (28.1) 44 (23.4) 64 (32.5) 69 (27.5) 39 (29.1) 49 (24.8) 59 (31.6)
Trichomonas intestinalis 90 (23.4) 39 (20.7) 51 (25.9) 51 (20.3) 39 (29.1) 55 (27.8) 35 (18.7)
Balantidium coli 1 (0.3) 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.8) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5)
Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar or Giardia intestinalis 290 (75.3) 144 (76.6) 146 (74.1) 182 (72.5) 108 (80.6) 130 (65.7) 160 (85.6)
 Total intestinal protozoaf 326 (84.7) 161 (85.6) 165 (83.8) 209 (83.3) 117 (87.3) 157 (79.3) 169 (90.4)
 Multiple intestinal parasitic infectiong 206 (53.5) 101 (53.7) 105 (53.3) 124 (49.4) 82 (61.2) 103 (48.0) 111 (59.4)
  1. aSignificant differences in investigated parasite infection prevalence between boys and girls were found for Giardia intestinalis (P = 0.05)
  2. b Trichomonas intestinalis and multiple parasitic infection prevalence were significantly different between age groups (P < 0.05)
  3. cSignificant regional differences were found for Hymenolepis nana, any faecal-oral transmitted helminth, Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar, Entamoeba coli, Trichomonas intestinalis, Entamoeba histolytica/E. dispar or Giardia intestinalis, total intestinal protozoa infection, and multiple intestinal parasitic infection (P < 0.05)
  4. dPC, Plateau Central; CO, Centre-Ouest region of Burkina Faso
  5. eThe category of total faecal-oral transmitted helminths includes children infected with hookworm and Hymenolepis nana. There was one child co-infected with hookworm and Hymenolepis nana
  6. fSeveral children were co-infected with intestinal protozoa. The total of this category therefore does not sum up from the separate figures
  7. gMultiple intestinal parasitic infection was defined as dichotomous variable, classified as > 1 infection vs ≤ 1 infection