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Table 1 Comparative effects of neem oil and neem smoke and deltamethrin and neem oil on the number of Culicoides sp. caught in CDC-LED traps (means and 95% CIs) (n = 9)

From: Insecticidal effects of deltamethrin in laboratory and field populations of Culicoides species: how effective are host-contact reduction methods in India?

  log(total catch) log(females)
Neem oil and neem smoke
 Control 4.82 (2.49–7.15) 4.52 (2.25–6.79)
 Neem oil 5.24 (2.88–7.60) 4.94 (2.65–7.23)
 Neem smoke 5.93 (3.57–8.29) 5.61 (3.32–7.90)
Deltametrin and neem oil
 Control 4.73 (2.87–6.59) 4.29 (2.13–6.45)
 Deltamethrin 4.40 (2.54–6.26) 3.93 (1.77–6.09)
 Neem oil 4.84 (2.98–6.70) 4.45 (2.30–6.60)