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Table 2 Mean ± standard deviation, minimum and maximum values of selected physiological indicators to assess the health status of Pyrenean chamois (17 females and 11 males) in Freser-Setcases National Game Reserve, northeast Spain

From: The physiological cost of male-biased parasitism in a nearly monomorphic mammal

Health status indicators Male Female
Oxidant status
 PON1 (units/l) 8.57 ± 2.39 (5.81–12.63) 14.68 ± 3.91 (5.28–19.33)
 GPX (units/mg) 546.54 ± 385.15 (224–1532) 549.75 ± 300.95 (192–1200)
Antioxidant status
 TAC (mmol/l) 0.29 ± 0.13 (0.11–0.48) 0.35 ± 0.18 (0.02–0.68)
Nutritional status
 IGF-1 (ng/ml) 71.91 ± 53.26 (17.11–211.01) 60.36 ± 28.69 (13.71–137.01)
 Kidney weight (g) 39.01 ± 5.61 (28.52–46.51) 35.36 ± 6.08 (25.30–50.91)
 Kidney fat weight (g) 53.25 ± 12.53 (33.55–76.80) 61.65 ± 18.35 (34.55–90.52)
  1. AbbreviationsPON1 serum paraoxonase 1; GPX glutathione peroxidase; TAC total antioxidant capacity; IGF-1 insulin-like growth factor 1