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Table 4 Distribution of mean levels of physicochemical parameters and mosquito larvae and pupae densities by breeding site type

From: Effect of physicochemical parameters on Anopheles and Culex mosquito larvae abundance in different breeding sites in a rural setting of Muheza, Tanzania

Breeding site type categories (n) Temperature (mean ± SD) Tds (mean ± SD) pH (mean ± SD) Salinity (mean ± SD) Conductivity (mean ± SD) Anopheles (mean ± SD) Culex (mean ± SD) Pupae (mean ± SD)
(i) Rain water collections (7) 33.0 ± 4.7 558.3 ± 260.8 8.0 ± 0.5 464.8 ± 248.8 653.9 ± 311.5 11.0 ± 9.7 15.6 ± 13.0 8.0 ± 7.1
(ii) Road side water collections and road potholes (4) 32.2 ± 5.8 323.9 ± 245.0 8.8 ± 1.6 279.6 ± 201.1 454.9 ± 370.8 13.0 ± 14.0 21.6 ± 19.6 10.5 ± 12.6
(iii) Rice fields and animal hoof prints (4) 35.2 ± 3.2 633.1 ± 143.4 8.5 ± 1.1 520.6 ± 140.6 945.3 ± 265.2 10.0 ± 7.4 1.6 ± 1.9 3.1 ± 2.3
(iv) Swampy areas (10) 32.8 ± 4.7 529.1 ± 278.4 8.1 ± 0.8 428.9 ± 242.1 770.1 ± 409.1 10.0 ± 6.9 10.4 ± 8.6 4.1 ± 4.8
(v) Pond water reservoirs (3) 41.9 ± 0.8 990.0 ± 550.7 8.3 ± 0.0 809.2 ± 453.9 1336.0 ± 738.1 3.5 ± 2.8 0.9 ± 0.9 0.8 ± 0.7
(vi) Small ponds and water collections on the sides of the bridges (3) 28.7 ± 2.6 249.3 ± 103.9 8.5 ± 0.1 176.0 ± 58.8 335.7 ± 117.1 7.1 ± 12.3 9.3 ± 15.2 5.2 ± 8.9