Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Subgroup meta-analysisa of studies reporting proportion of JEV infection in vectors grouped by mosquito species. Each effect size (computed for the group of studies reporting proportion of JEV in each mosquito species) represents pooled estimates (effect size) of the outcome for each mosquito species, and the overall represents the overall pooled estimate across all mosquito species

From: Meta-analyses of the proportion of Japanese encephalitis virus infection in vectors and vertebrate hosts

Mosquito species Effect size (logit) 95% CI (logit) Proportion of JEV infectionb 95% CI (proportion) % weight
Aedes vexans -1.79 -3.91–0.33 0.14 0.02–0.58 1.29
Anopheles minimus -1.79 -3.91–0.33 0.14 0.02–0.58 1.29
Anopheles tessellatus -1.79 -3.91–0.33 0.14 0.02–0.58 1.29
Armigeres subalbatus -1.85 -3.07– -0.64 0.14 0.04–0.35 1.78
Culex annulus 1.35 -4.39–7.10 0.79 0.01–1.00 3.83
Culex fuscocephala 1.22 -4.41–6.85 0.77 0.01–1.00 3.76
Culex tritaeniorhynchus -1.04 -1.21– -0.88 0.26 0.23–0.29 28.59
Culex gelidus -0.04 -3.06–2.98 0.49 0.04–0.95 3.37
Anopheles subpictus -1.46 -1.80– -1.13 0.19 0.14–0.24 23.67
Aedes butleri -2.17 -3.21– -1.13 0.10 0.04–0.24 1.87
Coquilettidia crassipes 0.69 -1.70–3.08 0.67 0.15–0.96 1.15
Culex annulirostris 1.05 0.97–1.13 0.74 0.73–0.76 2.19
Culex bitaeniorhynchus 0.85 -0.50–2.20 0.70 0.38–0.90 1.70
Culex palpalis 1.08 -0.07–2.24 0.75 0.48–0.90 3.65
Culex quinquefasciatus -0.13 -4.20–3.94 0.47 0.01–0.98 2.61
Culex sitiens -0.51 -1.94–0.92 0.38 0.13–0.72 1.66
Culex whitmorei -1.63 -3.16– -0.10 0.16 0.04–0.47 2.52
Mansonia septempunctata -0.92 -2.08–0.24 0.28 0.11–0.56 1.81
Ochleratus normanensis -0.82 -1.27– -0.37 0.31 0.22–0.41 4.17
Verrallina funerea 0.00 -1.96–1.96 0.50 0.12–0.88 1.37
Culex pipiens fatigans 4.17 2.19–6.15 0.98 0.90–1.00 1.36
Aedes albopictus 0.17 -0.50–0.84 0.54 0.38–0.70 2.05
Culex pipiens -1.39 -3.59–0.81 0.20 0.03–0.69 1.25
Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus -2.04 -3.24– -0.84 0.12 0.04–0.30 1.79
Overall -0.70 -1.07– -0.33 0.33 0.26–0.42 100
  1. aRandom-effects meta-analysis using the method of DerSimonian & Laird [24] to estimate the variance between studies, using a restricted maximum likelihood (REML) algorithm. I 2 range: 36.5% (P-value < 0.001) (Anopheles subpictus) - 98.6% (P-value = 0.64) (Culex annulus)
  2. b p = (e logit/ (e logit+1))
  3. Abbreviation: CI confidence interval