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Table 2 The presence (+) and absence (−) of gross pathological lesions, flukes and fluke eggs in the liver of buffaloes experimentally infected with F. gigantica

From: Dynamic expression of cytokine and transcription factor genes during experimental Fasciola gigantica infection in buffaloes

Group Dpi No. of animals Hemorrhage Swelling Parasite tunnel Fibrosis Necrosis Bile duct hyperplasia Viscous bile Visible flukes Eggs
I 0 5  
II 3 5
III 10 5 + + + +
IV 28 5 + + + + +
V 42 5 + + + + + +
VI 70 5 + + + + + + +
VII 98 4a + + + + + + + +
  1. aRNA from one animal in this group VII did not pass the quality control check and was therefore excluded from the analysis