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Table 1 Included studies of Cryptosporidium infection in people with HIV listed in order of year published

From: Prevalence of Cryptosporidium, microsporidia and Isospora infection in HIV-infected people: a global systematic review and meta-analysis

  Country Income level Patients with diarrhea No. of patients Prevalence (%) Quality score
Western and central Europe and North America
René et al. (1989) [37] France High Mixed 132 21.2 2
Connolly et al. (1990) [53] UK High Yes 33 15.2 1
Brandonisio et al. (1993) [54] Italy High Yes 51 33.3 1
Sorvillo et al. (1994) [41] USA High Mixed 16,953 3.8 2
Colford et al. (1996) [34] USA High Mixed 3564 5.4 3
Mathewson et al. (1998) [42] USA High Yes 83 10.8 2
Matos et al. (1998) [35] Portugal High Yes 465 7.7 3
Brandonisio et al. (1999) [38] Italy High Mixed 154 11.0 3
Cama et al. (2006) [55] USA High Mixed 21 33.3 1
Lagrange-Xelot et al. (2008) [27] France High Mixed 6827 1.3 1
Sub-Saharan Africa
Henry et al. (1986) [32] DR Congo Low Yes 46 8.7 0
Colebunders et al. (1988) [56] DR Congo Low Yes 42 31.0 0
Therizol-Ferly et al. (1989) [57] Ivory Coast Middle Yes 148 6.8 1
Hunter et al. (1992) [58] Zambia Middle Mixed 90 2.2 2
Assoumou et al. (1993) [59] Ivory Coast Middle Mixed 217 8.8 1
Dieng et al. (1994) [60] Senegal Low Yes 72 13.9 1
Chintu et al. (1995) [61] Zambia Middle Yes 44 13.6 2
Mwachari et al. (1998) [62] Kenya Middle Yes 75 17.3 2
Fisseha et al. (1999) [63] Ethiopia Low Mixed 190 20.0 2
Gumbo et al. (1999) [31] Zimbabwe Low Yes 82 8.5 2
Cegielski et al. (1999) [64] Tanzania Low Yes 86 7.0 2
Lebbad et al. (2001) [65] Guinea-Bissau Low Yes 37 21.6 2
Nwokediuko et al. (2002) [66] Nigeria Middle Yes 161 0.0 1
Adjei et al. (2003) [67] Ghana Middle Yes 21 28.6 2
Tumwine et al. (2005) [28] Uganda Low Yes 91 73.6 2
Tadesse et al. (2005) [68] Ethiopia Low Yes 70 28.6 1
Sarfati et al. (2006) [69] Cameroon Middle Mixed 154 9.7 3
Adesiji et al. (2007) [29] Nigeria Middle Yes 100 79.0 3
Mariam et al. (2008) [70] Ethiopia Low Mixed 109 7.3 2
Blanco et al. (2009) [71] Equatorial Guinea Middle na 171 18.1 3
Cooke et al. (2009) [72] South Africa Middle Mixed 26 7.7 0
Babatunde et al. (2010) [73] Nigeria Middle Mixed 90 32.2 1
Alemu et al. (2011) [74] Ethiopia Low Mixed 188 43.6 1
Bartelt et al. (2011) [30] South Africa Middle na 193 75.6 1
Roka et al. (2012) [75] Equatorial Guinea Middle Mixed 260 9.2 4
Wumba et al. (2012) [76] DR Congo Low Mixed 242 5.4 4
Nwuba et al. (2012) [33] Nigeria Middle Mixed 202 30.7 3
Girma et al. (2014) [77] Ethiopia Low Mixed 268 34.3 3
Samie et al. (2014) [78] South Africa Middle Mixed 151 26.5 2
Vouking et al. (2014) [79] Cameroon Middle Mixed 207 7.2 3
Bissong et al. (2015) [80] Cameroon Middle Mixed 200 7.0 3
Kiros et al. (2015) [81] Ethiopia Low Mixed 399 5.8 3
Nsagha et al. (2016) [39] Cameroon Middle Mixed 300 44.0 4
Shimelis et al. (2016) [3] Ethiopia Low Mixed 491 13.2 3
Ojuromi et al. (2016) [82] Nigeria Middle Mixed 90 4.4 3
Asia and the Pacific
Kamel et al. (1994) [83] Malaysia Middle Mixed 100 23.0 0
Moolasart et al. (1995) [84] Thailand Middle Yes 250 8.8 2
Anand et al. (1996) [85] India Middle Mixed 200 35.0 1
Punpoowong et al. (1998) [86] Thailand Middle Yes 22 9.1 0
Wanachiwanawin et al. (1999) [87] Thailand Middle Yes 91 25.3 2
Prasad et al. (2000) [88] India Middle Mixed 26 11.5 2
Wiwanitkit et al. (2001) [89] Thailand Middle Mixed 60 3.3 1
Chokephaibulkit et al. (2001) [90] Thailand Middle Yes 82 6.1 2
Waywa et al. (2001) [91] Thailand Middle Yes 288 19.1 3
Kumar et al. (2002) [92] India Middle Mixed 100 14.0 2
Mohandas et al. (2002) [93] India Middle Mixed 120 10.8 3
Lim et al. (2005) [94] Malaysia Middle Mixed 66 3.0 1
Guk et al. (2005) [95] South Korea High Mixed 67 10.4 1
Chhin et al. (2006) [96] Cambodia Middle Yes 80 45.0 3
Dwivedi (2007) [48] India Middle Mixed 75 33.3 2
Ramakrishnan et al. (2007) [97] India Middle Yes 80 28.8 2
Qu et al. (2007) [19] China Middle Yes 141 3.5 0
Stark et al. (2007) [98] Australia High Yes 618 2.3 4
Saldanha et al. (2008) [99] India Middle na 307 17.3 1
Jayalakshmi et al. (2008) [43] India Middle Yes 89 12.4 2
Viriyavejakul et al. (2009) [100] Thailand Middle Mixed 64 20.3 2
Saksirisampant et al. (2009) [101] Thailand Middle Mixed 90 34.4 1
Kulkarni et al. (2009) [44] India Middle Yes 137 11.7 1
Guo et al. (2011) [20] China Middle Yes 149 16.1 2
Tian et al. (2012) [102] China Middle na 302 8.3 4
Tian et al. (2012) [22] China Middle Mixed 46 13.0 3
Li et al. (2012) [21] China Middle Yes 67 6.0 2
Wang et al. (2012) [23] China Middle Yes 253 12.6 3
Sherchan et al. (2012) [103] Nepal Low Mixed 146 2.7 3
Wang et al. (2013) [9] China Middle Mixed 673 1.5 4
Mehta et al. (2013) [104] India Middle Mixed 100 2.0 3
Vyas et al. (2013) [105] India Middle Yes 75 14.7 2
Gupta et al. (2013) [45] India Middle Mixed 100 4.0 2
Baragundi Mahesh et al. (2013) [106] India Middle Mixed 75 18.7 2
Paboriboune et al. (2014) [107] Laos Middle Mixed 137 6.6 3
Jain et al. (2014) [108] India Middle Mixed 250 20.8 2
Pang et al. (2015) [16] China Middle na 450 17.3 3
Angal et al. (2015) [109] Malaysia Middle Mixed 131 3.8 3
Xie et al. (2015) [17] China Middle Mixed 152 13.2 0
Khalil et al. (2015) [110] India Middle Mixed 200 7.5 3
Asma et al. (2015) [111] Malaysia Middle Mixed 346 12.4 4
Kaniyarakkal et al. (2016) [112] India Middle Mixed 200 2.5 2
Mitra et al. (2016) [113] India Middle Mixed 194 29.4 2
Shah et al. (2016) [114] India Middle Mixed 45 13.3 2
Wang et al. (2016) [18] China Middle Mixed 285 0.7 4
Latin America and the Caribbean
Chacin-Bonilla et al. (1992) [115] Venezuela High Mixed 29 41.4 1
Escobedo et al. (1999) [116] Cuba Middle Mixed 67 11.9 2
Florez et al. (2003) [117] Colombia Middle Mixed 115 10.4 3
Ribeiro et al. (2004) [118] Brazil Middle Mixed 75 9.3 2
Chacin et al. (2006) [119] Venezuela High Yes 103 25.2 2
Goncalves et al. (2009) [120] Brazil Middle Mixed 100 9.0 2
Cardoso et al. (2011) [121] Brazil Middle Mixed 500 0.2 3
Velasco et al. (2011) [122] Colombia Middle Mixed 131 29.0 2
Guimarães et al. (2012) [123] Brazil Middle Mixed 93 2.2 1
Assis et al. (2013) [124] Brazil Middle Mixed 59 10.2 2
Middle East and North Africa
Zali et al. (2004) [125] Iran Middle Mixed 206 1.5 2
Yosefi et al. (2012) [126] Iran Middle Mixed 60 8.3 2
Agholi et al. (2013) [127] Iran Middle Mixed 356 9.6 3
Salehi Sangani et al. (2016) [128] Iran Middle Mixed 80 1.3 2
Eastern Europe and central Asia
Brannan et al. (1996) [129] Romania Middle Mixed 73 78.1 3
Kucervoa et al. (2011) [130] Russia Middle na 46 41.3 2
  1. Abbreviations: Yes, patients with diarrhea; Mixed, including patients with or without diarrhea; na, not applicable (parameter not provided)