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Table 3 Frequency of potential demographic, health-system related, and environmental risk factors associated with urogenital schistosomiasis reported by 144 communities in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique

From: Urogenital schistosomiasis in Cabo Delgado, northern Mozambique: baseline findings from the SCORE study

Variable Frequency Percentage
Main occupation of inhabitants in the village
 Agriculture 113 75.3
 Rice farming 23 15.3
 Irrigation-based farming 7 4.7
 Fishing 5 3.3
Local health facility
 Health facility open regularly 62 41.3
 Does the health facility dispense PZQ 1 0.7
Water contact sites
 No. of villages with seasonal rivers 85 56.7
 No. of villages with permanent rivers 76 51.0
 No. of villages with permanent standing water body 31 20.7
 No. of villages with seasonal standing water body 17 11.3
Water sources for drinking
 Well or borehole 133 88.7
 Open surface water 125 83.3
 Tap water 8 5.3
Water sources for washing/bathing
 Open surface water 137 91.3
 Well or borehole 131 87.3
 Tap water 9 6.0
Sanitation facilities
 Pit latrine 147 98.0
 Bush/field 125 83.3
 Improved latrine 10 6.0
 Toilet 10 6.0
 Heard about schistosomiasis 155 68.6
How do you catch schistosomiasis?a
 Do not know 79 50.1
 Bathing in open water sources 36 23.2
 Sexual 19 12.3
 Drinking water 18 11.6
Symptoms of schistosomiasisa
 Pain on urination 114 76.5
 Do not know 17 11.4
 Increase need to urinate 13 8.7
 Abdominal pain 5 3.4
How do you prevent schistosomiasis?
 Treatment 108 69.7
 Do not know 31 20.0
 Education 31 20.0
 Other 12 7.7
What is the name of the treatment for schistosomiasis?
 Do not know 151 97.4
 Praziquantel 4 2.6
  1. aKnowledge among a total of 155 participants who had heard of urogenital schistosomiasis