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Table 2 Comparison of immune parameters (mean ± standard deviation) between the buried and surfaced clams

From: High parasite burden increases the surfacing and mortality of the Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) in intertidal sandy mudflats on the west coast of Korea during hot summer

Clam type n Live cells (%) Necrotic cells (%) Apoptotic cells (%) Dead cells (%) Phagocytosis rate (%)
NBC 20 93.39 ± 3.55 2.20 ± 1.09 2.84 ± 1.99 1.58 ± 0.91 18.42 ± 3.95
SC 20 75.97 ± 20.43 15.17 ± 12.57 2.20 ± 2.07 6.66 ± 7.44 11.61 ± 6.57
Fisher’s exact test   P < 0.0001 P < 0.0001 P = 0.5826 P < 0.0001 P = 0.0003
  1. Abbreviations: NBC normal buried clam, SC surfaced clam