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Table 4 Prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in tick species collected from vegetation and HLC in Bulgaria, 2012

From: The diversity of tick-borne bacteria and parasites in ticks collected from the Strandja Nature Park in south-eastern Bulgaria

Species Number of ticks Number of positive/tested ticks (%) [95% CI]
L N M F Total Rickettsia spp. Anaplasma phagocytophilum Borrelia burgdorferi Ca. N. mikurensis”
Ixodes spp. 6 1 0 0 7 0/7 (0) 0/7 (0) 0/7 (0)
I. ricinus 534 579 23 26 1162 214/340 (62.94)
[57.69–67.91]
29/1162 (2.5)
[1.73–3.57]
11/1162 (0.95)
[0.51–1.71]
1/1162 (0.09)
[0–0.54]
Hy. marginatum 0 0 5 2 7 0/1 (0) 0/7 (0) 0/7 (0) 0/7 (0)
Hy. anatolicum 0 0 1 0 1 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0)
Hy. excavatum 0 0 0 3 3 0/3 (0) 0/3 (0) 0/3 (0)
Rhipicephalus spp. 1 0 0 0 1 0/21(0) 0/1(0) 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0)
R. bursa 21 0 3 0 24 0/24 (0) 0/24 (0) 0/24 (0)
R. sanguineus 0 0 2 3 5 1/5 (20)
[2.03–64.04]
0/5 (0) 0/5 (0)
R. rossicus 0 0 1 0 1 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0)
R. turanicus 0 0 0 1 1 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0) 0/1 (0)
Haemaphysalis punctata 0 1 0 1 2 0/2 (0) 0/2 (0) 0/2 (0)
Total 562 581 35 36 1214 214/362 (59.12)
[53.98–64.06]
30/1214 (2.47)
[1.72–3.52]
11/1214 (0.91)
[0.49–1.64)]
1/1214 (0.08)
[0–0.51]
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, F females, L larvae, N nymphs, M males. All tested samples were Babesia-negative