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Table 1 Studies on coprolites and mummies published from 1944 through 2016

From: Recovering parasites from mummies and coprolites: an epidemiological approach

Provenience Material n a Typeb Method Year/Reference
Drobnitz Girl, Germany mummy 1 A ? 1944 [75]
Karwinden Man, Poland mummy 1 A ? 1944 [75]
El Plomo, Chile coprolite/mummy 1 A ? 1954 [76]
Ming Dynasty, Guangzhou, China coprolite/ mummy 1 A ? 1956 [17]
Grauballe Man, Denmark mummy 1 A ? 1958 [17]
Tollund Man, Denmark mummy 1 A ? 1958 [77]
Odra River, Poland coprolites ? ? ? 1960 [78]
Nahal-Mishmar Valley, Israel coprolites 2 A ? 1961 [79]
Step House, CO, USA coprolites 20 AB Callen 1965 [43]
Lovelock Cave, CA, USA coprolites 168 AB Callen 1970 [9]
Frightful Cave, Mexico coprolites 32 AB Callen 1970 [9]
Clyde’s Cavern, USA coprolites 16 AB Callen 1971 [9]
Lion House, CO, USA coprolites 4 A Callen 1972 [9]
Hoy House, CO, USA coprolites 56 AB Callen 1972 [9]
Western Han Dynasty, Changsha City, China coprolite/mummy 1 A ? 1973 [17]
Pisco, Peru mummy intestine section 1 A Callen 1974 [80]
Upper Salts Cave, KY, USA coprolites 8 A Callen 1974 [81]
Ch'angsha, Hunan Province, China mummy intestine section 1 A ? 1974 [82]
Glenn Canyon, USA coprolites 40 AB Callen 1977 [9]
Danger Cave, UT, USA coprolites 46 AB Callen 1977 [9]
Hogup Cave, UT, USA coprolites 60 AB Callen 1977 [9]
Hinds Cave, TX USA coprolites 13 A Callen 1978 [9]
Canyon del Muerto, NM, USA coprolites/ mummies 2 A Callen 1980 [83]
Gentio II, MS, Brazil coprolites 22 AB Lutz 1980 [84]
Itacambira, MG, Brazil coprolites/ mummies 3 A Lutz 1981 [85]
Han Dynasty Jinagling City, China coprolite/mummy 1 A ? 1981 [17]
Boqueirão Soberbo, MS, Brazil coprolites ? ? Lutz 1982 [86]
Gentio II, MS, Brazil coprolite/mummy 1 A Lutz 1983 [87]
Llods Street Pavement, UK coprolite 1 A HCl 1983 [59]
Los Gavilanes, Peru coprolites 52 AB ? 1983 [88]
Hinds Cave, TX, USA coprolites 7 A Callen 1983 [9]
Tiliviche, Chile coprolites 26 AB Lutz 1984 [89]
Chu Dynasty, Jingmen City, South Korea coprolite/mummy 1 A ? 1984 [17]
Caserones, Chile coprolites 10 A Lutz 1985 [90]
Antelope House, AZ, USA coprolites 90 AB Callen 1986 [9]
Lindow Man, England mummy 1 A ? 1986 [75]
Chaco Canyon, NM, USA coprolites 20 AB Callen 1987 [9]
Turkey Pen Cave, UT, USA coprolites 24 AB Callen 1987 [9]
Antelope House, AZ, USA coprolites 62 AB Callen 1987 [9]
Dust Devil Cave, UT, USA coprolites 100 AB Callen 1987 [9]
Salmon Ruins, NM, USA coprolites 112 AB Callen 1987 [9]
Pedra Furada, PI, Brazil coprolites 17 AB Lutz 1987 [91]
Bighorn Sheep Ruin, UT, USA coprolites 20 AB Callen? 1988 [9]
Qilaleitsoq, Greenland coprolite/mummy 1 A ? 1989 [92]
Big Bone Cave coprolites 8 A Formalin- ethyl acetate sedimention 1989 [93]
Estrago Cave, PE, Brazil coprolites 4 A Lutz 1989 [94]
NAN Ranch Ruin, NM, USA coprolites/burial 1 A Callen/Lyco 1989 [58]
Ventana Cave, AZ, USA coprolite/mummy 1 A Callen/Lyco 1991 [95]
Antelope House, AZ, USA coprolites 180 AB Callen 1992 [9]
Inscription House AZ, USA coprolites 16 AB Callen 1992 [9]
Baker Cave, TX, USA coprolites 17 AB Callen/Lyco 1992 [9]
Hinds Cave, TX, USA coprolites 39 AB Callen/Lyco 1992 [9]
Dan Canyon, AZ, USA coprolites/burial 1 A Callen/Lyco 1992 [96]
Klethla, AZ, USA sediments/burial 1 A Chemical 1992 [9]
Montbéliard, France coprolites/sediments ? ? Reims 2002 [97]
León, Spain mummy contents 4 A Flotation 2003 [57]
Bighorn Cave, AZ, USA coprolites 35 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2002 [98]
Chiribaya, Peru coprolites 29 AB Callen 2003 [99]
Chiribaya, Peru coprolites/mummy 43 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2003 [10]
Skyles Mummy, TX, USA coprolites/mummy 1 AC Callen/Lyco 2003 [100]
Lluta Valley, Chile coprolites/mummy 39 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2003 [50]
Diverse sites, Switzerland and Germany coprolites and sediments 89 AB Reims 2005 [101]
Lapa do Boquete, Brazil coprolite/mummy 1 AC Callen/Lyco 2002 [51]
Gangneung, South Korea coprolite/mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
Yangju, South Korea coprolite/mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
SN2-19-1, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
SN1-2, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
SN3-7-1, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
SN2-19-2, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2007 [39]
Hadong-1, South Korea coprolite/mummy 1 AB Lutz 2008 [39]
GJ1-2, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2008 [39]
Yongin, South Korea coprolite/mummy 1 AB Lutz 2009 [39]
Waegwan, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2010 [39]
Seocheon, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2010 [39]
Sinnae, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2010 [39]
Chinchorro, Chile coprolite/mummy 24 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2010 [70]
Piraino 1, Sicily coprolite/mummy 1 ABC Callen/Lyco 2010 [48]
El-Deir, Oasis of Kharga, Egypt coprolites and sediments from mummies 12 A Reims 2010 [54]
Dangjin, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2011 [39]
Gongju, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2011 [39]
Antelope Cave, AZ, USA coprolites 20 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2011 [29]
Sapgyo, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2012 [39]
CMC, Mexico coprolites 36 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2012 [33]
Zweeloo, Belgium mummy intestine section 1 ABC Searcey 2013 [56]
Jinju, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2014 [39]
Hadong-2, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2014 [39]
Sacheon, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2014 [39]
Mungyeong, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2014 [39]
PJ-SM, South Korea coprolite/ mummy 1 AB Lutz 2014 [39]
Vilnius, Lithuania mummy intestine sections 10 AC Searcey 2014 [49]
Nivelles, Belgium Burials coprolites and Sediments 3 AC HCl 2015 [34]
Furna do Estrago, Brazil coprolites/burials 6 AC Lutz/Lyco 2015 [28]
Mamluk Period, Jerusalem coprolites 12 AC Reims 2015 [55]
CMC, Mexico coprolites 100 ABCD Callen/Lyco 2017 [26]
  1. an, number of samples analyzed
  2. b“Type” refers to whether the derived data are reliable for positive/negative (A), prevalence (B), infection intensity (C), or overdispersion (D) studies
  3. Abbreviations: HCl, studies that needed to use acidified rehydration solution following [59]; Lyco, analysis included epg estimation by using Lycopodium spores
  4. Coprolites and mummies are most common in the Americas and archaeologists have excavated them since the 1940s. Large numbers of coprolites were analyzed beginning in the 1960s. Therefore, these data are dominated by North and South American studies. Korea’s Joseon Dynasty mummies are presented in bold, since are part of other geographic area and context