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Table 1 Species composition, sex ratio, relative abundance and total number of sand flies per m2 collected from Al-Malha Locality, North Darfur, Sudan during the year 2013

From: Kala-azar in Darfur: Evidence for indigenous transmission in Al-Malha Locality, North Darfur, western Sudan

Species No. of male flies No. of female flies Relative abundance (%)a Total no. of flies/m2 b
P. (Larroussius) orientalis 61 12 8 1.39
P. (Phlebotomus) duboscqi 2 0 0.22 0.038
P. (Phlebotomus) bergeroti 3 0 0.33 0.057
P. (Phlebotomus) papatasi 10 6 1.74 0.305
P. (Phlebotomus) heischi 2 0 0.22 0.038
S. (Sergentomyia) antennata 213 227 47.9 8.38
S. (Sergentomyia) schwetzi 65 118 19.9 3.486
S. (Sergentomyia) bedfordi 6 0 0.65 0.114
S. (Sintonius) clydei 87 46 14.5 2.533
S. (Sintonius) adleri 5 7 1.31 0.229
S. (Sintonius) affinis 8 0 0.87 0.152
S. (Grassomyia) squamipleuris 11 9 2.2 0.380
S. (Parrotomyia) africana 19 1 2.2 0.380
  487 (53%) 431 (47%) 100 17.49
  1. aRelative abundance was calculated as the abundance of each species (total number), divided by the total abundance of all species combined
  2. bNumber of flies per m2 = number of collected specimens for each species per each trap (oil soaked A4 paper) × the number of A4 papers in 1m2 area