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Table 2 Studies aimed at assessing the prevalence and epidemiology of Sarcocystis spp. using different diagnostic methods in South American camelids

From: Sarcocystosis in South American camelids: The state of play revisited

Species of Sarcocystisa Host Geographical location Tissue examined Method used Percent prevalence (proportion) Reference
S. aucheniae Llama Argentina Serum ELISA 36 (183/507) [8]
Llama Argentina Blood PCR na [38]
Alpaca, llama, guanaco Argentina, Peru Skeletal muscle Ge, Mic, TEM, PCR na [14]
Guanaco Argentina Skeletal muscle Ge, TEM, PCR 100 (2/2) [13]
Llama Argentina Serum Ge, PCR 100 (3/3) [16]
Llama Bolivia Skeletal muscle Ge 35 (138/378) [12]
   Serum ELISA 45 (171/378)
Alpaca Australia Skeletal muscle PCR 100 (1/1) [27]
Alpaca USA Skeletal muscle Ge, His, TEM 100 (1/1) [18]
Llama Bolivia Skeletal muscle Ge, Mic, TEM na [26]
S. masoni Alpaca, llama, guanaco Argentina, Peru Skeletal muscle Ge, Mic, TEM, PCR na [14]
Sarcocystis sp. Guanaco Chile Skeletal muscle Ge 37 (33/89) [32]
Llama Chile Skeletal muscle Ge 100 (28/28)
Alpaca Uruguay Skeletal muscle Ge (4/na)
Llama Bolivia Skeletal muscle Ge 34 (na/1196) [15]
Alpaca Australia Skeletal muscle Ge, His, TEM 100 (1/1) [17]
Llama Argentina Serum IFAT 96 (295/308) [37]
Alpaca Peru Serum ELISA 90 (844/941) [34]
Guanaco Argentina Heart, skeletal muscle, tongue Ge 67 (8/12) [56]
  1. Abbreviations: G gross examination, His histology, IFAT indirect fluorescent antibody test, Mac macroscopic, Mic, microscopic/microscopy, na not available/applicable, TEM transmission electron microscopy
  2. aThe name used by the authors