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Table 2 Natural and experimental infections by tick-borne Rickettsia spp. in vertebrate host species

From: Neglected aspects of tick-borne rickettsioses

Rickettsia species Host species Type of infection Methodology demonstrating the infection Reference
R. rickettsii Birds (Ciconiiformes, Piciformes, Passeriformes) Natural Antibodies [41]
Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) Experimental Rickettsemia, infection transmitted to Amblyomma cajennense ticks (25–30% success) [44]
Rodents and lagomorphs Natural Isolation [41, 105]
Experimental Rickettsemia, infection transmitted to Dermacentor andersoni ticks [40, 42]
Opossum (Didelphis spp.) Natural Isolation [41, 106, 107]
Experimental Rickettsemia, infection transmitted to Amblyomma cajennense ticks (5% success) [41, 43]
White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) Natural Antibodies [41]
Wild carnivores (fox, raccoon, skunk) Natural Antibodies [41]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Experimental Antibodies [52a]
Natural Antibodies, DNA in blood [53a, 59, 60]
Horse (Equus caballus) Experimental Antibodies [108]
R. parkeri Opossum (Didelphis spp.) Experimental DNA in blood [109]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Natural Antibodies, DNA in blood [110, 111]
R. conorii Lagomorphs (Oryctolagus cuniculus, Lepus granatensis) Natural Antibodies [112, 113]
Cat (Felis catus) Natural Antibodies [114]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Experimental Antibodies, infection transmitted to Rh. sanguineus ticks [39]
Natural Antibodies, DNA in blood [54–56a, 58]
R. conorii-like Bats (African species) Natural DNA in blood [115]
R. helvetica Deer (Cervus nippon, Capreolus capreolus) Natural DNA in blood [116, 117]
Passerine birds (Erithacus rubecula, Parus major, Prunella modularis) Experimental (in Parus major) Infection transmitted to Ixodes ricinus ticks [46]
Natural DNA in blood [118]
Hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) Natural DNA in tissues [119]
Lizard (Teira dugesii, Podarcis muralis) Natural DNA in tissues [120, 121]
Small rodents (Myodes glareolus, Microtus arvalis, M. arvestis, Apodemus flavicollis, A. sylvaticus, Mus musculus) Natural Antibodies, DNA in tissues [117, 122,123,124]
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) Natural DNA in blood [117]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Natural Antibodies [61]
R. massiliae Cat (Felis catus) Natural Antibodies [114]
R. monacensis Lizard (Teira dugesii) Natural DNA in tissues [120]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Natural DNA in blood [125]
R. raoultii Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Natural Antibodies, DNA in blood [61, 126]
R. slovaca Small rodents (Apodemus spp., Myodes glareolus) Natural DNA in tissues [50]
Experimental Antibodies [127]
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) Natural DNA in tissues [128,129,130]
Cattle (Bos taurus) Natural Antibodies [131]
Dog (Canis lupus familiaris) Natural Antibodies [61]
Goat (Capra hircus) Natural Antibodies [131]
Experimental (American strain) DNA in tissues, infection transmitted to Dermacentor variabilis ticks (< 5% success) [45a]
Sheep (Ovis aries) Natural Antibodies [131]
  1. aStudies reporting clinical signs in animals