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Table 4 Multivariate analysis on factors associated with knowledge about LF and MDA and MDA feedback

From: Assessing knowledge about lymphatic filariasis and the implementation of mass drug administration amongst drug deliverers in three districts/cities of Indonesia

Variable High level of knowledge about LFa High level of Knowledge about MDAb Received MDA feedbackc
aOR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value aOR 95% CI P-value
A. Socio demographic characteristics
 District/City
  Agam District 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  Depok City 0.89 0.46–1.70 0.720 1.03 0.57–1.86 0.922 5.08 2.53–10.17 < 0.001
  Batam City 0.39 0.18–0.85 0.017 0.62 0.31–1.24 0.175 2.54 1.33–4.86 0.005
 Age
  ≤ 35 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  36–45 1.46 0.71–2.98 0.301 0.71 0.37–1.37 0.309 1.77 0.86–3.67 0.123
  46–55 0.83 0.39–1.79 0.643 0.31 0.15–0.64 0.002 1.92 0.87–4.25 0.107
 Sex
  Male          1.00    
  Female          2.68 1.07–6.75 0.036
B. Role and frequency of participation in MDA
 Role of respondent during MDA
  Cadre 1.00     1.00     1.00    
  Community/religious leaders 0.57 0.30–1.08 0.086 0.66 0.36–1.21 0.178 0.95 0.41–2.21 0.904
  Health workers 6.47 3.03–13.83 <0.001 2.68 1.40–5.14 0.003 9.01 3.32–24.44 < 0.001
Frequency of participation in MDA
  1–3 times 1.00     1.00        
  > 3 times 2.42 1.26–4.71 0.008 2.10 1.12–3.92 0.021     
C. Knowledge and training to perform in MDA
 Perceived adequacy of knowledge to conduct their tasks and responsibility in MDA
  Inadequate          1.00    
  Neutral          8.26 2.55–26.74 < 0.001
  Adequate          6.72 2.48–18.22 < 0.001
 Perception about training prior to MDA
  Very informative 1.00            
  Informative 1.31 0.73–2.36 0.371         
  Less informative 1.43 0.52–3.97 0.491         
  No training 0.21 0.05–0.84 0.027         
  1. aOther variables included in the analysis but were removed in multivariate analysis: sex, education, length of stay, work with other during MDA, perceived adequacy of knowledge to carry out roles and responsibilities in MDA. Knowledge about LF is based on three variables: (i) know that worm is the cause of LF; (ii) know that mosquitoes transmit LF; and (iii) know that LF is preventable. Low level of knowledge is assigned to those scoring less than median of the distribution and high level of knowledge is assigned to those scoring the same as median or above
  2. bOther variables included in the analysis but were removed in multivariate analysis: sex, education, length of stay, work with other during MDA, perceived adequacy of knowledge to carry out roles and responsibilities in MDA, perception about training received prior to MDA. Knowledge about MDA is based on six variables: knowledge that (i) all LF drugs should be taken; (ii) pregnant women should not take LF drugs; (iii) children under two years old should not take LF drugs; (iv) severely undernourished children should not take LF drugs; (v) people aged more than 75 years old should not take LF drugs; and (vi) severely ill people should not take LF drugs. Low level of knowledge is assigned to those scoring less than median of the distribution and high level of knowledge is assigned to those scoring the same as median or above
  3. cOther variables included in the analysis but were removed in multivariate analysis: education; length of stay; work with other during MDA; perception about training received prior to MDA; knowledge of LF; and knowledge about MDA, and frequency of participation in MDA Abbreviation: aOR Adjusted odds ratio