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Table 1 Summary of the oviposition experiments on C. stellifer under different two-choice conditions

From: Laboratory studies on the oviposition stimuli of Culicoides stellifer (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae), a suspected vector of Orbiviruses in the United States

Experiment Treatment vs control Trialsa (replicates within each trial) Blood-fed females (n) Gravid females (n) Oviposited females (n) Odds ratio (95% CI) P-valueb
1 DI control vs DI control 2 (6) 12 10 3 1.0 (0.2–4.1) 0.9890
2 Field water vs DI control 2 (6) 12 9 2 0 1.0000
3 Sympatric mud vs DI control 2 (6) 12 11 6 4.4 (1.7–11.8) 0.0042
4 WTD manure vs DI control 2 (7) 14 10 4 0.4 (0.1–2.0) 0.2500
5 Moss vs DI control 2 (8–9) 17 11 11 9.3 (1.5–59.0) 0.0320
6 Combined substrates vs DI control 3 (5–6) 17 13 5 6.6 (2.3–19.2) 0.0014
7 Sympatric mud + WTD manure vs Sympatric mud 5 (5–6) 27 21 7 0.67 (0.2–2.6) 0.5700
8 Sympatric mud vs Allopatric mud 2 (6–8) 14 13 6 6.2 (2.2–19.2) 0.0007
  1. aTrials within an experiment were not significantly different (P > 0.05)
  2. bSignificant P-values (odds ratio) shown in bold (P < 0.05)
  3. Abbreviations: WTD white-tailed deer, CI confidence interval