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Table 1 Arboviruses pathogenic for domestic and wild mammals

From: Endemic and emerging arboviral diseases of livestock in Nigeria: a review

Family Species Vector
Togaviridae Eastern, Western and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses, Sindbis, Middelburg, Getah and Semliki Forest viruses Mosquitoes (family Culicidae)
Flaviviridae Yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Murray Valley encephalitis, West Nile, Usutu, Israel turkey meningoencephalitis, Tembusu and Wesselsbron viruses Mosquitoes (family Culicidae)
Tick-borne encephalitis, louping ill, Omsk hemorrhagic fever, Kyasanur Forest disease and Tyuleniy viruses Ticks (family Ixodidae)
Bunyaviridae Rift Valley fever, La Crosse, Snowshoe hare and Cache Valley viruses Mosquitoes (family Culicidae)
Nairobi sheep disease, Soldado and Bhanja viruses Ticks (family Ixodidae/Argasidae)
Main Drain, Akabane, Aino, Shuni and Schmallenberg viruses Biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae)
Reoviridae African horse sickness, Kasba, bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease of deer, Ibaraki, equine encephalosis, Peruvian horse sickness and Yunnan virus Biting midges (family Ceratopogonidae)
Rhabdoviridae Bovine ephemeral fever, vesicular stomatitis-Indiana, vesicular stomatitis-New Jersey, vesicular stomatitis-Alagoas, and Cocal viruses Sand flies (subfamily Phlebotominae)/mosquito
Orthomyxoviridae Thogoto virus Ticks (family Ixodidae)
Asfarviridae African swine fever virus Ticks (family Argasidae)