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Table 1 Occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in children by age, gender, diarrhea or abdominal pain occurrence, animal contact, residency and locality

From: Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in children in Egypt

Variable No. of samples No. of positive (%)
Cryptosporidium spp. 95% confidence interval Giardia duodenalis 95% confidence interval
Lower limit Upper limit Lower limit Upper limit
Age
 ≤ 3 years 74 2 (2.7) -0.009 0.063 7 (9.5) 0.028 0.161
 4 years 141 3 (2.1) -0.002 0.044 20 (14.2) 0.084 0.199
 5 years 190 1 (0.5) -0.005 0.015 26 (13.7) 0.088 0.185
 6 years 136 2 (1.5) -0.005 0.035 10 (7.4) 0.030 0.117
 7years 27 0 (0.0) 0.000 0.000 3 (11.1) -0.007 0.229
 8 yeas 17 0 (0.0) 0.000 0.000 0 (0.0) 0.000 0.000
Gender
 Female 289 3 (1.0) -0.001 0.021 32 (11.1) 0.074 0.147
 Male 296 5 (1.7) 0.002 0.031 34 (11.5) 0.078 0.151
Diarrhea occurrence
 Yes 89 2 (2.3) -0.008 0.054 17 (19.1)a 0.109 0.272
 No 496 6 (1.2) 0.002 0.021 49 (9.9)a 0.72 0.125
Abdominal pain
 Yes 351 7 (2.0) 0.005 0.034 38 (10.8) 0.075 0.140
 No 234 1 (0.4) -0.004 0.012 28 (12.0) 0.078 0.161
Animal contact
 With 257 3 (1.2) -0.001 0.025 27 (10.5) 0.067 0.142
 Without 328 5 (1.5) 0.001 0.028 39 (11.9) 0.083 0.154
Residency
 Rural 332 5 (1.5) 0.001 0.028 40 (12.1) 0.085 0.156
 Urban 253 3 (1.2) -0.001 0.025 26 (10.3) 0.065 0.140
Locality
 El-Dakahlia 272 5 (1.8) 0.002 0.033 31 (11.4) 0.076 0.151
 El-Gharbia 189 2 (1.1) -0.003 0.025 24 (12.7) 0.079 0.174
 Damietta 124 1 (0.8) -0.007 0.023 11 (8.9) 0.038 0.139
  1. aThe difference between the two groups is significant