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Table 2 Generalized estimating equations (GEE) analysis of the effect of LL3 and FourStar® larvicides on the density of immature mosquitoes, showing the probability of the factors

From: Efficacy and persistence of long-lasting microbial larvicides against malaria vectors in western Kenya highlands

Species Immature stage or time Comparing LL3 versus FourStar®
Intervention stagea Larvicide typeb Intervention stage × Larvicide type
An. gambiae (s.l.) 1st- and 2nd-instar larvae 0.215 0.901 0.918
3rd- and 4th-instar larvae <0.001 0.310 0.778
Pupae 0.001 0.933 0.945
An. funestus (s.l.) 1st- and 2nd-instar larvae 0.011 0.557 0.348
3rd- and 4th-instar larvae 0.881 0.409 0.089
Pupae 0.387 0.809 0.381
Other mosquito species 1st- and 2nd-instar larvae 0.980 0.970 0.710
3rd- and 4th-instar larvae <0.001 0.502 0.996
Pupae 0.002 0.939 0.062
Total Anopheles spp. By week 12 <0.001 0.700 0.950
By week 16 <0.001 0.995 0.951
By week 20 0.066 0.536 0.880
  1. aIntervention stage was classified as pre-intervention versus post-intervention
  2. bLarvicide type included LL3 and FourStar®