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Table 2 Anthropometric and malariometric characteristics of study children at the start and end of transmission season surveys

From: Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia

Characteristics of study children (N = 2527) Start of transmission season survey End of transmission season survey P-value
Mean weight (95% CI) (kg) 11.6 (11.5–11.7) 13.1 (13.0–13.3) <0.001
Mean height (95% CI) (cm) 87.5 (87.0–87.9) 91.9 (91.5–92.4) <0.001
Stunteda, n (%) 796/2511 (31.7) 725/2152 (33.7) 0.1
Wasteda, n (%) 272/2508 (10.8) 177/2126 (8.3) 0.004
Underweighta, n (%) 624/2516 (24.8) 437/2158 (20.3) <0.001
P. falciparum parasitaemia 139 (5.5) 341 (13.5) <0.001
Mean haemoglobin (95% CI) (g/dl) 10.5 (10.5–10.6) 10.4 (10.3–10.4) <0.001
Mild anaemia (Hb < 11 g/dl), n (%) 1476 (58.4) 1476 (58.4) 1
Moderate anaemia (Hb < 8 g/dl), n (%) 151 (6.0) 225 (8.9) <0.001
Severe anaemia (Hb < 5 g/dl), n (%) 0 6 (0.2)
  1. aChildren with z-scores of more than 4 or less than -4 are not included and anthropometric data from children aged > 5 years at end of transmission survey were censored