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Table 6 Multivariable analysis of changes in weight, height and haemoglobin concentration among children who experienced at least one malaria episode and those that were malaria-free during the transmission season

From: Is chronic malnutrition associated with an increase in malaria incidence? A cohort study in children aged under 5 years in rural Gambia

  Child without a malaria episode Child with at least one malaria episode
Mean weight at first survey (kg) (95% CI) 11.46 (11.34–11.58) 12.50 (12.21–12.80)
Mean weight at second survey (kg) (95% CI) 13.00 (12.82–13.18) 13.96 (13.65–14.28)
Mean difference in weight (kg) (95% CI) 1.54 (1.40–1.68) 1.47 (1.31–1.62)
Adjusted regression β (95% CI) for mean weight at second surveya Reference -0.05 (-0.44–0.33)
P-value 0.8
Mean height at first survey (cm) (95% CI) 86.8 (86.4–87.3) 91.5 (90.4–92.7)
Mean height at second survey (cm) (95% CI) 91.3 (90.9–91.8) 95.6 (94.4–96.8)
Mean difference in height (cm) (95% CI) 4.7 (4.6–4.9) 4.4 (3.7–5.0)
Adjusted regression β (95% CI) for mean height at second surveya Reference -0.15 (-0.68–0.38)
P-value 0.6
Mean haemoglobin at first survey (g/dl) (95% CI) 10.51 (10.45–10.58) 10.53 (10.36–10.70)
Mean haemoglobin at second survey (g/dl) (95% CI) 10.37 (10.29–10.44) 10.35 (10.17–10.54)
Mean difference in haemoglobin (g/dl) (95% CI) -0.17 (-0.11– -0.22) -0.20 (-0.07– -0.33)
Adjusted regression β (95% CI) for mean haemoglobin at second surveya Reference -0.17 (-0.03– -0.31)
P-value   0.02
  1. aAdjusted for weight, height or haemoglobin at first survey, gender, age, sleeping under an LLIN, IRS, ethnicity, traditional house, river bank and clustering