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Table 2 Mosquito-borne arboviruses in Mali

From: Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and mosquito-borne diseases in Mali, West Africa

Virus Source of detection Vertebrate host Vector host Reference
Yellow fever Patient serum, mosquitoes Primates Aedes spp. [32, 33, 92, 93]
Dengue Patient serum Primates Aedes spp. [31, 93]
Chikungunya Patient serum Primates, birds, cattle and rodents Aedes spp.; Culex spp. [31, 92, 93]
Zika Patient serum Primates Aedes spp. [92, 93]
Rift Valley fever Patient serum Cows, sheep, camels, goats and other mammals Aedes spp.; Anopheles spp.; Culex spp. [34,35,36,37, 93]
West Nile Patient serum Birds, horses and other mammals Culex spp. [31, 92, 93]