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Table 4 Trypanosoma cruzi natural infection in free-living wild mammals from the Pantanal biome: taxonomic identification of the examined mammals, results of hemocultures, indirect immunofluorescence tests (IFAT), and characterization of parasites. In the case of insufficient blood for hemocultures and serological tests, we prioritized the blood cultures

From: Trypanosoma cruzi transmission in the wild and its most important reservoir hosts in Brazil

Order Genus Species No. of genera (%)a No. of specimens HC(+)/ specimens tested (%) IFAT(+)/ specimens tested (%) DTU (n)
Artiodactyla Sus Sus scrofa 1/9 (11) 9 1 (11) 0 TcIII (1)
Tayassu Tayassu tajacu 32 4 0 0  
Tayassu pecari   28 0 0  
Carnivora Cerdocyon Cerdocyon thous 3/114 (3) 96 0 53 (55)  
Leopardus Leopardus pardalis 28 28 0 3 (11)  
Nasua Nasua nasua 49/189 (26) 189 49 (26) 52 (28) T. rangeli (2); TcI (33); TcI+T. rangeli (4); TcI+TcII (5); TcII (1); TcII+T. rangeli (1)
Procyon Procyon cancrivorus 2/15 (13) 15 2 (13) 9 (60) TcI (1)
Cingulata Cabassous Cabassous unicinctus 3 3 0 nd  
Dasypus Dasypus novemcinctus 2/2 (100) 2 2 (100) nd TcIII (2)
Euphractus Euphractus sexcinctus 1/14 (7) 14 1 (7) nd TcIII (1)
Priodontes Priodontes maximus 10 10 0 nd  
Didelphimorphia Didelphis Didelphis albiventris 2 2 0 1 (50)  
Gracilinanus Gracilinanus agilis 4/17 (23) 3 3 (100) 0 TcI (2); TcI+TcII (1)
Gracilinanus sp.   14 1 (7) 0 TcI (1)
Marmosa Marmosa sp. 1/5 (20) 5 1 (20) 1 (20) nd
Marmosops Marmosops sp. 1 1 0 0  
Monodelphis Monodelphis sp. 2/14 (14) 7 1 (14) 1 (14) nd
Monodelphis domestica   7 1 (14) 0 TcI (1)
Philander Philander frenatus 1/1 (100) 1 1 (100) 0 TcI+TcIV (1)
Thylamys Thylamys sp. 2/11 (18) 11 2 (18) 1 (9) TcI (2)
Rodentia Calomys Calomys sp. 6 6 0 0  
Cerradomys Cerradomys sp. 10 10 0 0  
Clyomys Clyomys laticeps 39 2 0 2 (100)  
Clyomys sp.   37 0 0  
Dasyprocta Dasyprocta azarae 8 3 0 0  
Dasyprocta sp.   5 0 2 (40)  
Holochilus Holochilus sp. 2 2 0 0  
Marmosa Marmosa sp. 1 1 0 0  
Oecomys Oecomys mamorae 9/34 (26) 34 9 (100) 0 TcI (5); TcIV (3)
Oryzomys Oryzomys sp. 19 19 0 4 (21)  
Thrichomys Thrichomys fosteri 2/216 (1) 138 2 (1) 3 (2) TcI (1)//TcIV (1)
Thrichomys sp.   78 0 23 (29)  
Thylamys Thylamys sp. 7 7 0 0  
Total: 5 27    791 75/791 (9) 155/762 (20) P <0.0001
  1. aNumber of genera with infected species/number of genera examined
  2. Abbreviations: HC(+), number of specimens with positive hemocultures; IFAT(+), number of specimens with positive IFAT test; DTU, Discrete Typing Units; n, number of isolates; nd, not done