Skip to main content

Table 1 Bartonella species that infect cats and dogs with zoonotic potential including primary reservoir, accidental host and vectors

From: Bartonella infections in cats and dogs including zoonotic aspects

Bartonella species Primary reservoir Vector Accidental host
B. bovis (ex weissii) Domestic cattle (Bos taurus) Biting flies, ticks Humans, cats, dogs
B. volans-like Flying squirrel (Pteromyinae) Fleas Humans, dogs, horses
B. clarridgeiae Cats (Felis catus) Cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), ticksa Humans, dogs
B. elizabethae Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Fleas Humans, dogs
B. grahamii Rodents Rodent flea (Ctenophthalmus nobilis) Humans, dogs
B. henselae Cats (Felis catus), dogs (Canis familiaris) Fleas, ticksa Human, dogs
B. koehlerae Cats (Felis catus), gerbils (Meriones lybicus) Fleas Humans, dogs
B. quintana Humans, gerbils (Meriones lybicus) Human body lice, fleas, bed bugs, pigeon mitesa Cats, dogs, monkeys
B. rochalimae Canids Fleasa (Pulex irritans, Pulex simulans), ticksa Humans, dogs
B. vinsonii arupensis Rodents Deer tick (Ixodes scapularis) Humans, dogs
B. vinsonii berkhoffii Coyotes (Canis latrans), dogs (Canis familiaris), foxes (Urocyon spp.) Ticksa, Pulex spp.a Humans
B. washoensis California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) Fleas, ticksa Humans, dogs
  1. aNot confirmed
  2. Details included in the table are provided in [16, 25, 40, 53, 57, 132, 175,176,177,178,179,180,182,183]