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Table 1 Bartonella species that infect cats and dogs with zoonotic potential including primary reservoir, accidental host and vectors

From: Bartonella infections in cats and dogs including zoonotic aspects

Bartonella species

Primary reservoir


Accidental host

B. bovis (ex weissii)

Domestic cattle (Bos taurus)

Biting flies, ticks

Humans, cats, dogs

B. volans-like

Flying squirrel (Pteromyinae)


Humans, dogs, horses

B. clarridgeiae

Cats (Felis catus)

Cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis), ticksa

Humans, dogs

B. elizabethae

Rats (Rattus norvegicus)


Humans, dogs

B. grahamii


Rodent flea (Ctenophthalmus nobilis)

Humans, dogs

B. henselae

Cats (Felis catus), dogs (Canis familiaris)

Fleas, ticksa

Human, dogs

B. koehlerae

Cats (Felis catus), gerbils (Meriones lybicus)


Humans, dogs

B. quintana

Humans, gerbils (Meriones lybicus)

Human body lice, fleas, bed bugs, pigeon mitesa

Cats, dogs, monkeys

B. rochalimae


Fleasa (Pulex irritans, Pulex simulans), ticksa

Humans, dogs

B. vinsonii arupensis


Deer tick (Ixodes scapularis)

Humans, dogs

B. vinsonii berkhoffii

Coyotes (Canis latrans), dogs (Canis familiaris), foxes (Urocyon spp.)

Ticksa, Pulex spp.a


B. washoensis

California ground squirrel (Spermophilus beecheyi), rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Fleas, ticksa

Humans, dogs

  1. aNot confirmed
  2. Details included in the table are provided in [16, 25, 40, 53, 57, 132, 175,176,177,178,179,180,182,183]