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Table 1 Reported occurrence of taeniosis in southern and eastern Africa: microscopy studies

From: Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in southern and eastern Africa

Country Period People tested People positive Prevalence (%)
(95% CI)
Species identification Group studied Reference
Angola 9/2012-12/2013 344 2 0.58 (0.07–2.1) N Children below 5 with diarrhea [50]
Angola 1/2015-5/2015 230 2 0.87 (0.10–3.1) N School children in 16 schools [51]
Ethiopia 11/1995-4/1996; 6-9/1996 1750 79 4.5 (3.6–5.6) Ya Sugar-estate residents [52]
Ethiopia 3-4/1999; 2/2002 3167 na < 4 (na) N Schoolchildren, peasants and teachers [53]
Ethiopia 1/2002-2/2002 104 1 0.96 (0.02–5.2) Ya HIV/AIDS and HIV-seronegative individuals in a teaching hospital [54]
Ethiopia 2007–2012 32191 322 1.0 (0.9–1.1) N Rural hospital visiters [55]
Ethiopia 5/2007-6/2007 419 na 1.4 (na) N na [56]
Ethiopia 12/2007-2/2008 7171 23 0.32 (0.20–0.48) N Visitors of health centers [57]
Ethiopia 8/2008-12/2008 343 14 4.1 (2.2–6.8) N HIV patients recruited at hospital [58]
Ethiopia 11/2008 121 5 4.1 (1.4–9.4) N Prison inmates [59]
Ethiopia 11/2008 115 1 0.87 (0.02–4.7) N Tobacco farm workers [59]
Ethiopia 4/2009 384 5 1.3 (0.4–3.0) N Food handlers [60]
Ethiopia 9/2010-7/2011 858 18 2.1 (1.2–3.3) N Highland and lowland dwellers [61]
Ethiopia 1/2011-6/2011 200 1 0.5 (0.01–2.8) N Food handlers [62]
Ethiopia 3/2012-11/2012 260 1 0.38 (0.01–2.12) N Children recruited in Health Center [63]
Ethiopia 1/2013-5/2013 172 5 2.9 (1.0–6.7) N Asymptomatic food handlers [64]
Ethiopia 8/2013-11/2013 180 2 1.1 (0.13–4.0) N HAART initiated and naive paediatric HIV patients [65]
Ethiopia 1/2015-2/2015 503 13 2.6 (1.4–4.4) N School children from 5 schools [66]
Ethiopia 1/2016-8/2016 213 5 2.3 (0.8–5.4) N Active pulmonary TB patients [67]
Ethiopia na 1537 na 8.1 (na) Ya Participants from 19 communities, includes children and adults [23]
Ethiopia na 491 12 2.4 (1.3–4.2) N Villagers [68]
Kenya 2000–2009 31 1 3.2 (0.08–16.7) N Sleeping sickness patients [69]
Kenya 7/2010-7/2012 2057 na 0.20 (na) N na [22]
Kenya 8/2010-7/2012 2113 na 0.30 (0–0.5) N Mixed-farming community [26]
Kenya na 285 na 5.3 (na) N HIV-positive patients [70]
Kenya na 151 0 0 (0–2.4) N Geophagous pregnant women [24]
Madagascar 11/1996-1/1997 401 3 0.75 (0.15–2.2) N Patients referred for parasitological examination [71]
South Africa 2009 na 2 na N Laboratory results [72]
South Africa 2009 na 4 na Y Laboratory results [72]
South Africa 4/2009-9/2009 162 3 1.9 (0.4–5.3) N School children [73]
South Africa 2010 na 11 na Y Laboratory results [72]
South Africa 2010 na 1 na N Laboratory results [72]
South Africa na 183 3 1.6 (0.3–4.7) N Rural black preschool children [74]
Tanzania 2008–2009 1057 3 0.30 (0.06–0.8) Yb Villagers, after treatment with niclosamide/praziquantel and purgation [75]
Uganda na 5313 36 0.70 (0.5–0.9) N Primary school children [76]
Zambia 6/2007-8/2007 403 na 0.90 (na) N School children [77]
  1. aReported as T. saginata, yet unclear from methodology
  2. bConfirmed by PCR
  3. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; na, not available; HAART, highly active antiretroviral therapy