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Table 1 Factors significantly associated with Dirofilaria repens prevalence in dogs of Europe

From: Recent advances on Dirofilaria repens in dogs and humans in Europe

No. of dogs tested Country Potential risk factors Reference
114 Southern Spain Kenneled dogs (lack of preventative measures) [47]
Geographical location
2406 Central Italy Older age [294]
Male sex
Pure breed
Traveling dogs
151 Eastern Slovakia Older age [119]
Lifestyle (outdoors)
Geographical location
972 Central Italy Rural environment [34]
Geographical location
194 Northern Serbia Older age [295]
Geographical location
2512 Southern Italy Lifestyle (guard dogs) [296]
Geographical location