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Table 1 Mean numbers and standard deviation (SD) of field-collected Culicoides imicola females to emerge over a period of 60 minutes from holding boxes kept at various temperature and humidity levels

From: The influence of temperature and humidity on the flight activity of Culicoides imicola both under laboratory and field conditions

Set T (°C) Mean T (SD) Mean RH (SD) No. of replicates (no of individuals)* Total no. emerged (%) Mean (SD)
10 9.1 (0.24) 68.0 (2.6) 6 (3000) 2 (0.02) 0.3 (0.82)a
13 12.3 (0.20) 53.5 (0.5) 6 (3000) 16 (0.5) 2.7 (3.20)a
15 14.5 (0.20) 51.9 (0.65) 6 (3000) 615 (20.5) 102.5 (64.46)b
17 17.3 (0.74) 49.7 (1.93) 9 (4500) 1258 (28.0) 139.8 (40.03)c
20 19.8 (0.58) 44.6 (0.61) 6 (3000) 415 (13.8) 69.2 (17.34)b
24 23.1 (0.47) 45.7 (0.52) 6 (3000) 346 (11.5) 57.7 (25.99)d
29 28.3 (0.07) 34.3 (0.25) 6 (3000) 331 (11.0) 55.2 (24.21)d
  1. Numbers per row followed by a different letter were significantly different at the 5% level
  2. Abbreviations: RH relative humidity, T temperature
  3. *Each replicate consists of 500 individuals