Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Subset of 25 outbreaks where Cryptosporidium was recovered from a suspected source or vehicle

From: Analysis of the Cryptosporidium spp. and gp60 subtypes linked to human outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis in England and Wales, 2009 to 2017

eFOSS reference or outbreak numbera [publication] Region Year Month of onset of first case Setting No. of cases (lab-confirmed) Cryptosporidium species and gp60 genotype in cases Cryptosporidium detections in suspected source or vehicle (species and gp60 genotype where identified)
Recreational water
 2009/64 Wales 2009 August Swimming pool (leisure pool) 106 (46) C. hominis Presumptive oocyst detected in filter sand
 14 South-East 2009 November Swimming pool (leisure pool) 15 (11) C. hominis Oocysts detected in leisure pool, strainer basket, and sand from two filters
 2012/78 Wales 2012 August Swimming pool (leisure pool) 23 (23) C. hominis Oocysts detected in pool water
 2014/25 South-East 2014 March Swimming pool (leisure pool) 20 (14) C. hominis IbA10G2 Oocysts detected in pool water (C. hominis IbA10G2)
 2014/123 South-East 2014 September Swimming pool (leisure pool) 15 (15) C. hominis IaA14R3 Oocysts detected in filter sand and backwash
 151 West Midlands 2016 May Swimming pool (leisure pool) 10 (9) C. hominis IbA10G2 Oocysts detected in pool water (C. hominis)
 152 South-West 2016 May Swimming pool (leisure pool) 25 (25) C. hominis IbA10G2 Oocysts detected in pool water and filter sand (C. hominis IbA10G2)
 2015/50 North-West 2015 July Swimming pool (club use) 18 (4) C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 Oocyst detected in filter sand
 2012/80 South-West 2012 August Swimming pool (holiday park) 20 (6) C. hominis Oocysts detected in pool water
 2011/118 London 2011 June Swimming pool (warm, for baby swim lessons) 7 (7) C. hominis IbA10G2 Oocysts detected in pool water, sand from two filters and backwash
 2013/86 Yorkshire and the Humber 2013 July Paddling pool, outdoor 70 (70) C. hominis IbA10G2 Oocysts detected in pool water (C. hominis IbA10G2)
Animal contact
 2011/38 Yorkshire and the Humber 2011 May Open farm, same premises as 2013/44 12 (12) C. parvum Lambs (C. parvum)
 2013/44 [24] Yorkshire and the Humber 2013 April Open farm, same premises as 2011/38 45 (32) C. parvum IIaA19G1R1 Lambs (C. parvum IIaA19G1R1)
 2013/31 South-East 2013 March Open farm 18 (15) C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 Lambs and a donkey (C. parvum)
 2015/27 South-East 2015 January Open farm 10 (8) C. parvum IIaA15G1R2; IIaA15G2R1 Goat kid and lambs (Cryptosporidium spp.)
 2015/31 West Midlands 2015 April Open farm 30 (14) C. parvum IIaA17G1R1 Lambs (C. parvum IIaA17G1R1 and IIaA21G3R1)
 2016/29 Yorkshire and the Humber 2016 March Open farm 54 (33) C. parvum IIaA15G1R2; IIaA17G1R1 Calf (C. parvum IIaA17G1R1); piglets (C. suis); lambs (C. ubiquitum)
 2016/19 Yorkshire and the Humber 2016 February Open farm, same premises as 2017/12 9 (9) C. parvum IIaA18G2R1 Lambs (C. parvum IIaA18G2R1 and C. xiaoi)
 2017/12 Yorkshire and the Humber 2017 April Open farm, same premises as 2017/12 5 (5) C. parvum IIaA17G1R1 Lambs (C. parvum IIaA17G1R1, C. parvum and C. xiaoi)
 170 Wales 2017 April Open farm 7 (7) C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 Lambs (C. parvum IIaA15G2R1)
 2012/22 Wales 2012 March Open farm (community farm) 15 (10) C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 Droppings from co-penned lambs and goats (C. parvum IIaA15G2R1)
 2009/19 North-West 2009 May Commercial farm (open day) 155 (41) C. parvum IIaA17G1R1 Calves (C. parvum IIaA17G1R1); goats (C. parvum IIaA17G1R1 and C. xiaoi)
 2016/24 Wales 2016 March Agricultural College farm 24 (17) C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 Sheep and lambs (C. parvum IIaA15G2R1 and C. xiaoi)
Drinking water
 77 South-West 2013 April Mains drinking water 23 (23) C. hominis IbA10G2 and IdA18 C. hominis IbA10G2, C. parvum and C. andersoni in source waters; C. hominis and a gastric species in treated water
Food-borne
 78 Yorkshire and the Humber 2013 April Milk from an on-farm dairy, pasteurisation problems 11 (6) C. parvum IIaA15G1R1 Calf (C. parvum IIaA15G1R1)
  1. aSee Additional file 1: Table S1