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Table 3 Characterization of the epidemiological role of the species recorded in Mayotte based on [49, 50]

From: Culicoides Latreille in the sun: faunistic inventory of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in Mayotte (Comoros Archipelago, Indian Ocean)

Species Host-vector contact Detection of viral genome Detection of parasites Vector competence in the laboratory
Bovine Equine Sheep/goat Other
C. accraensis + Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
C. albopunctatus Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
C. bolitinos +++ +++ +++ Unknown BTV, AHSV, unidentified virus Unknown AHSV, BTV, EEV, EHDV
C. dekeyseri Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
C. distinctipennis Unknown Unknown Unknown Birds, humans Unknown Unknown Unknown
C. enderleini + + + Poultry BTV Unknown  
C. imicola +++ +++ +++   AHSV, Akabane virus, BTV, BEDV, EEV, Letsitele virus, Nyabira virus, Sabo virus, Shamonda virus, Simbu virus, unidentified virus Unknown AHSV, BTV, EEV, EHDV
C. kibatiensis Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
C. leucostictus Birds, poultry Unknown Unknown EHDV
C. milnei      Akabane virus, BTV Unknown  
C. moreli      Unknown Unknown  
C. nevilli + + + Poultry EHDV Unknown  
C. rhizophorensis      Unknown Unknown  
C. similis      Unknown Unknown  
C. subschultzei      Unknown Unknown  
C. trifasciellus     Humans Unknown Onchocerca gutturosa  
  1. Key: +, positive association; −, negative association