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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants based on the study districts

From: Epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in Shebelle Zone of Somali Region, eastern Ethiopia

Variable Category n (%) χ 2 P-value
Gode Adadle Total
Sex Female 168 (56.0) 36 (59.0) 204 (56.5) 0.188 0.665
Male 132 (44.0) 25 (41.0) 157 (43.5)
Age group 0–14 111 (37.0) 26 (42.6) 137 (38.0) 3.249 0.355
15–29 89 (29.7) 16 (26.2) 105 (29.1)
30–44 67 (22.3) 9 (14.8) 76 (21.1)
 > 44 33 (11.0) 10 (16.4) 43 (11.9)
Occupation Farmer 98 (32.7) 20 (32.8) 118 (32.7) 0.594 0.964
House worker/wife 53 (17.7) 9 (14.8) 62 (17.2)
Student/cattle keeper 115 (38.3) 26 (42.6) 141 (39.1)
Employed 11 (3.7) 2 (3.3) 13 (3.6)
Private worker 23 (7.7) 4 (6.6) 27 (7.5)
House type (wall) Mud/wood 216 (72.0) 43 (70.5) 259 (71.7) 8.428 0.015
Mud/stone 58 (19.3) 6 (9.8) 64 (17.7)
Wood 26 (8.7) 12 (19.7) 38 (10.5)
Habit of sleeping outdoors Yes 159 (53.0) 33 (54.1) 192 (53.2) 0.025 0.875
No 141 (47.0) 28 (45.9) 169 (46.8)
Presence of domestic animals Yes 222 (74.0) 57 (93.4) 279 (77.3) 10.916 0.001
No 78 (26.0) 4 (6.6) 82 (22.7)
Presence of Acacia tree Yes 125 (41.7) 38 (62.3) 163 (45.2) 8.710 0.003
No 175 (58.3) 23 (37.7) 198 (54.8)
Presence of termite mounds Yes 87 (29.0) 40 (65.6) 127 (35.2) 29.736  < 0.0001*
No 213 (71.0) 21 (34.4) 234 (64.8)
  1. *P < 0.01