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Table 3 Association of socio-demographic factors and study districts with seroprevalence rate of VL

From: Epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in Shebelle Zone of Somali Region, eastern Ethiopia

Variable Category rk39-ICT ELISA
No. positive (%) χ 2 P-value No. positive (%) χ 2 P-value
Study area Gode 38 (12.7) 13.021  < 0.0001* 6 (2.0) 6.589 0.010
Adadle 19 (31.1) 5 (8.2)
Sex Female 35 (17.2) 0.660 0.417 7 (3.4) 0.234 0.628
Male 22 (14.0) 4 (2.5)
Age group 0–14 28 (20.4) 4.097 0.251 6 (4.4) 1.683 0.641
15–29 15 (14.3) 3 (2.9)
30–44 8 (10.5) 1 (1.3)
 > 44 6 (14.0) 1 (2.3)
Occupation Farmer 19 (16.1) 8.353 0.079 4 (3.4) 2.432 0.657
House worker/wife 4 (6.5) 1 (1.6)
Student/cattle keeper 30 (21.3) 6 (4.3)
Employed 1 (7.7) 0 (0)
Private 3 (11.1) 0 (0)
House type (wall) Mud/wood 39 (15.1) 0.526 0.769 10 (3.9) 2.253 0.324
Mud/stone 12 (18.8) 1 (1.6)
Wood 6 (15.8) 0 (0)
Sleeping outdoors Yes 40 (20.8) 7.847 0.005 6 (3.1) 0.008 0.927
No 17 (10.1) 5 (3.0)
Domestic animal Yes 54 (19.4) 11.743 0.001* 10 (3.6) 1.200 0.273
No 3 (3.7) 1 (1.2)
Acacia tree Yes 47 (28.8) 38.043  < 0.0001* 7 (4.3) 1.565 0.211
No 10 (5.1) 4 (2.0)
Termite mounds Yes 44 (34.6) 52.393  < 0.0001* 5 (3.9) 0.525 0.469
No 13 (5.6) 6 (2.6)
  1. *P < 0.01