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Table 1 Characteristics of enrolled patients, location and climate, and socioeconomic indicators at four outpatient Kenyan clinic sites

From: Malaria smear positivity among Kenyan children peaks at intermediate temperatures as predicted by ecological models

  Chulaimboa Kisumub Msambwenic Ukundad
Enrolled patients
 No. enrolled (January 2014–August 2018) 509 1177 2051 2096
 Malaria smear positivity (%) 83.1 42.2 41.7 49.3
 Female sex (%) 47.2 47.4 47.0 47.6
 Report mosquito bites during last 4 weeks (%) 97.2 81.2 66.4 91.9
 Always uses bednet (%) 67.2 41.9 89.2 82.7
 Mean age (range) (years) 6.1 (0–17) 3.9 (0–15) 5.0 (0–17) 8.2 (0–17)
Location and climate
 Location Western Kenya Western Kenya Coastal Kenya Coastal Kenya
 Rural/urban Rural Urban Rural Urban
 Altitude (m) 1381 1131 23 14
 Cumulative mean 30-day rainfall (mm) 208 221 100 98
 Mean 30-day temperature °C (range) 23.8 (22.5–26.5) 26.1 (24.1–29.3) 27.5 (24.9–31.0) 27.5 (25.2–30.2)
Socioeconomic indicators
 Iron roof in home (%) 96.4 98.0 31.8 54.2
 Predominant water source (%) 46.9 River/pond 87.1 Tap/piped water 72.9 Well/borehole 76.6 Well/borehole
 Predominant latrine type (%) 97.0 VIPL 83.9 VIPL 54.0 PL 83.3 VIPL
 Earthen floor (%) 68.3 18.5 62.7 47.1
 Electricity in home (%) 15.2 75.8 31.2 31.4
 Domestic worker in home (%) 2.8 4.3 3.9 1.4
 Family owns bicycle (%) 15.0 20.3 34.0 35.2
 Family owns telephone (%) 89.6 97.4 82.0 75.8
 Family owns radio (%) 66.1 73.3 41.6 58.3
 Family owns motor vehicle (%) 6.6 15.9 12.0 6.7
 Family owns television (%) 19.4 64.4 18.9 32.1
  1. aChulaimbo County Hospital and Mbaka Oromo Dispensary
  2. bObama Children’s Hospital in Jaramogi Oginga Odinga Teaching and Referral Hospital
  3. cMsambweni County Hospital
  4. dDiani Health Centre
  5. Abbreviations: PL, Pit latrine; VIPL, ventilated improved pit latrine