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Table 1 Reported occurrence of taeniosis in West and Central Africa

From: Epidemiology of Taenia saginata taeniosis/cysticercosis: a systematic review of the distribution in West and Central Africa

Country Study period n n+ % 95% CI Species Groups studied Reference
Burkina Faso na 1587 na 2.1 na N Community volunteers [39]
Cameroon 08/1999–04/2000 3109 1 0.03 0.006–0.18 Ya Community volunteers [35]
Cameroon 03/2012–07/2012 396 na 0.25 na N Patients consulting hospital [40]
Cameroon na 163 2 1.2 0.3–4.4 N Pre-school-age children [41]
DR Congo 03/04/2014–07/06/2018 602 40 6.6 4.9–8.9 Yb School children (6–20 years) [42]
Guinea 04/1995–06/1995 800 na 3.8 na N Children (10–14 years) [43]
Nigeria 01/02/1997–31/01/1998 816 8 1.0 0.50–1.9 N Pregnant women [44]
Nigeria 07/02/1998–31/12/1998 129 3 2.3 0.8–6.6 Yb Patients with complaints of upper abdominal pain, tenderness and indigestion [45]
Nigeria 03/2000–09/2000 500 16 3.2 2.0–5.1 N Schoolchildren [46]
Nigeria 1/11/2003–30/1/2004 60 2 3.3 0.9–11.4 Yb Children (2–6 years) attending clinic [47]
Nigeria 11/2004–02/2005 232 23 9.9 6.7–14.4 N Primary schoolchildren [48]
Nigeria 01/2005–05/2005 309 5 1.6 [0.7; 3.7] N Schoolchildren [49]
Nigeria 06/2005–11/2006 1059 102 9.6 8.0–11.6 N Schoolchildren [50]
Nigeria 10/2005–03/2006 119 1 0.8 0.2–4.6 N Outpatients health institutions [51]
Nigeria 1/2006–09/2006 73 24 32.9 23.2–44.3 N Rural schoolchildren [17]
Nigeria 1/2006–09/2006 171 19 11.1 7.2–16.7 N Suburban schoolchildren [17]
Nigeria 01/2006–09/2006 283 na 23.0 na N Primary schoolchildren [19]
Nigeria 06/2006–11/2006 818 4 0.5 0.2–1.3 N Hospital patients [52]
Nigeria 01/2007–03/2007 250 1 0.4 0.07–2.2 N Schoolchildren [53]
Nigeria 07/2007–08/2007 100 13 13.0 7.8–21.0 N Sampling in hostels (faeces sampling in toilets, not from individual participants) [54]
Nigeria 08/2007–08/2009 500 0 0 0–0.8 N HIV-negative enrolled via HIV outreach programme (in houses and offices) [18]
Nigeria 08/2007–08/2009 2000 4 0.2 0.08–0.5 N HIV-positive patients attending clinic [18]
Nigeria 01/2008–08/2008 50 4 8 3.2–18.8 N Villagers [32]
Nigeria 05/2009–07/2009 122 2 1.6 0.5–5.8 N Abattoir workers [55]
Nigeria 05/2009–07/2009 98 na 0 na N Control populations [55]
Nigeria 08/2010–12/2010 600 19 3.2 2.0–4.9 N Schoolchildren [56]
Nigeria 01/2011–12/2011 3826 na 0.89 na N Primary schoolchildren [57]
Nigeria 06/2011–11/2011 220 na 5 na N Schoolchildren aged 1–15 years [58]
Nigeria 06/2012–12/2012 116 10 8.6 4.7–15.1 Yb Food vendors [59]
Nigeria 09/2012–01/2013 717 5 0.7 0.3–1.6 N Samples from polio surveillance programme [60]
Nigeria 02/2014–06/2014 167 84 50.3 42.8–57.8 N Pre-school-age children [20]
Nigeria 07/2014–11/2014 112 3 2.7 0.9–7.6 N Community volunteers [61]
Nigeria na 750 16 2.1 1.3–3.4 N Women (child up to senior) [62]
Nigeria na 471 1 0.2 0.04–1.2 N Primary schoolchildren [63]
Nigeria na 96 1 1 0.2–5.7 N HIV patients [64]
Nigeria na 168 8 4.8 2.4–9.1 N Food vendors [65]
Nigeria na 296 11 3.7 2.1–6.5 N Villagers [66]
Nigeria na 162 2 1.2 0.3–4.4 N Primary schoolchildren [67]
Nigeria na 400 12 3.0 1.7–5.2 N Primary schoolchildren [68]
Nigeria na 416 45 10.8 8.2–14.2 N Nursery and primary school children [69]
Senegal 04/1997 400 na 3.5 na N Schoolchildren [70]
Senegal 2004 na na 4.6 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
Senegal 2005 na na 5.6 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
Senegal 2006 na na 4.0 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
Senegal 2007 na na 7.0 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
Senegal 2008 na na 5.5 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
Senegal 2009 na na 4.1 na N Routine analyses at parasitology laboratory [71]
  1. aSpecies identification based on expelled worm
  2. bReported as Taenia saginata, yet unclear from methodology how species identification was done
  3. Abbreviations: n, number of individuals tested; n+, number of positive individuals; CI, confidence interval; na, not available; Y, yes; N, no