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Table 6 Estimated pooled temperature at which the peak prevalence of oestrosis reported in sheep and goats in different world regions

From: The global and regional prevalence of oestrosis in sheep and goats: a systematic review of articles and meta-analysis

Country T (°C) 95% CI Heterogeneity (χ2) I2 (%) P-value
Algeria 26 19–32 0
Bangladesh 20 13–26 0
Benin 26 22–30 0
Brazil 22 20–25 0.42 0.0 0.516
Chile 14 7–20 0
Egypt 22 18–26 0.92 0.0 0.632
Ethiopia 20 14–27 17.29 82.6 0.001
France 12 6–18 3.37 70.4 0.066
Greece 23 17–28 0.47 0.0 0.494
India 23 17–29 7.16 72.1 0.028
Iran 10 6–14 15.05 80.1 0.002
Italy 18 11–26 19.67 89.8 < 0.0001
Jordan 23 19–27 0 0.0 1.000
Libya 20 15–26 1.87 46.5 0.172
Morocco 21 16–25 0
Nigeria 27 22–32 0.49 0.0 0.485
Palestine 25 19–30 0
Romania 12 6–18 0
Saudi Arabia 22 17–27 0.04 0.0 0.843
South Africa 20 14–26 5.15 61.2 0.076
Spain 18 12–23 9.93 69.8 0.019
Turkey 18 15–21 1.22 0.0 0.749
Zimbabwe 21 15–28 0
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; χ2, Cochran’s Q Chi square; I2, inverse variance index; –, no interaction due to having single study; T, pooled average temperature