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Table 2 Mean concentrations/levels (± SE) of different environmental variables quantified from the three habitat types

From: Habitat associations of Culicoides species (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) abundant on a commercial cervid farm in Florida, USA

Environmental variableUnitsStreamSeepagePuddleF-statistic (Numdf, Dendfa)P-valueb
Organic matter%1.5 ± 0.3 a4.3 ± 1.3 a16.6 ± 3.2 b11.7 (2, 3)0.0381
Phosphorusmg/kg39.8 ± 4.8 b22.8 ± 2.9 a111.1 ± 6.8 c45.7 (2, 3)0.0057
Potassiummg/kg10.1 ± 1.7 a26.7 ± 3.7 b66.5 ± 4.4 c29.8 (2, 3)0.0105
Magnesiummg/kg22.1 ± 4.9 a87.4 ± 11.1 b144.2 ± 12.0 b30.4 (2, 3)0.0102
Calciummg/kg278.2 ± 52.2 a334.3 ± 32.0 a1059.1 ± 63.2 b29.5 (2, 3)0.0106
Coppermg/kg0.0 ± 0.0 a0.0 ± 0.0 a0.03 ± 0.01 a7.7 (2, 3)0.0661
Manganesemg/kg2.4 ± 0.9 a6.7 ± 0.9 b19.3 ± 2.5 c32.6 (2, 3)0.0092
Zincmg/kg0.4 ± 0.1 a0.9 ± 0.1 b3.0 ± 0.2 c48.4 (2, 3)0.0052
pHpH5.3 ± 0.1 a5.0 ± 0.1 a5.2 ± 0.1 a0.7 (2, 3)0.5683
Electrical conductivitydS/m0.1 ± 0.0 a0.2 ± 0.0 b0.3 ± 0.0 c13.0 (2, 3)0.0334
Moisture%34.2 ± 2.9 a59.5 ± 2.8 b70.1 ± 1.8 c59.0 (2, 3)0.0039
MicrobesCFU/ml1.1 ± 0.2 × 108 a9.1 ± 2.2 × 107 a5.1 ± 1.0 × 108 a4.0 (2, 3)0.1412
  1. aDenominator degrees of freedom (Dendf) were estimated using the Kenward–Roger method
  2. bSignificant P-values are shown in bold
  3. Note: Means followed by different letters indicate significant differences between habitat types (P < 0.05)